Sub-threshold Binary Neutron Star Search in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run

Ryan Magee, Heather Fong, Sarah Caudill, Cody Messick, Kipp Cannon, Patrick Godwin, Chad Richard Hanna, Shasvath Kapadia, Duncan Meacher, Siddharth R. Mohite, Debnandini Mukherjee, Alexander Pace, Surabhi Sachdev, Minori Shikauchi, Leo Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present a search for gravitational waves from double neutron star binaries inspirals in Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatorys (LIGOs) first observing run. The search considers a narrow range of binary chirp masses motivated by the population of known double neutron-star binaries in the nearby universe. This search differs from previously published results by providing the most sensitive published survey of neutron stars in Advanced LIGOs first observing run within this narrow mass range, and also including times when only one of the two LIGO detectors was in operation in the analysis. The search was sensitive to binary neutron star (BNS) inspirals to an average distance of ∼85 Mpc over 93.2 days. We do not identify any unambiguous gravitational wave signals in our sample of 103 sub-threshold candidates with false-alarm rates of less than one per day. However, given the expected BNS merger rate of R ≈ 100-4000 Gpc-3 yr-1, we expect O(1) gravitational-wave events within our candidate list. This suggests the possibility that one or more of these candidates is in fact a BNS merger. Although the contamination fraction in our candidate list is ∼99%, it might be possible to correlate these events with other messengers to identify a potential multi-messenger signal. We provide an online candidate list with the times and sky locations for all events in order to enable multi-messenger searches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL17
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume878
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2019

Fingerprint

LIGO (observatory)
binary stars
gravitational waves
neutron stars
thresholds
interferometer
lists
double stars
interferometers
laser
merger
lasers
false alarms
chirp
sky
contamination
universe
detectors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Magee, R., Fong, H., Caudill, S., Messick, C., Cannon, K., Godwin, P., ... Singer, L. (2019). Sub-threshold Binary Neutron Star Search in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 878(1), [L17]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab20cf
Magee, Ryan ; Fong, Heather ; Caudill, Sarah ; Messick, Cody ; Cannon, Kipp ; Godwin, Patrick ; Hanna, Chad Richard ; Kapadia, Shasvath ; Meacher, Duncan ; Mohite, Siddharth R. ; Mukherjee, Debnandini ; Pace, Alexander ; Sachdev, Surabhi ; Shikauchi, Minori ; Singer, Leo. / Sub-threshold Binary Neutron Star Search in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2019 ; Vol. 878, No. 1.
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abstract = "We present a search for gravitational waves from double neutron star binaries inspirals in Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatorys (LIGOs) first observing run. The search considers a narrow range of binary chirp masses motivated by the population of known double neutron-star binaries in the nearby universe. This search differs from previously published results by providing the most sensitive published survey of neutron stars in Advanced LIGOs first observing run within this narrow mass range, and also including times when only one of the two LIGO detectors was in operation in the analysis. The search was sensitive to binary neutron star (BNS) inspirals to an average distance of ∼85 Mpc over 93.2 days. We do not identify any unambiguous gravitational wave signals in our sample of 103 sub-threshold candidates with false-alarm rates of less than one per day. However, given the expected BNS merger rate of R ≈ 100-4000 Gpc-3 yr-1, we expect O(1) gravitational-wave events within our candidate list. This suggests the possibility that one or more of these candidates is in fact a BNS merger. Although the contamination fraction in our candidate list is ∼99{\%}, it might be possible to correlate these events with other messengers to identify a potential multi-messenger signal. We provide an online candidate list with the times and sky locations for all events in order to enable multi-messenger searches.",
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Magee, R, Fong, H, Caudill, S, Messick, C, Cannon, K, Godwin, P, Hanna, CR, Kapadia, S, Meacher, D, Mohite, SR, Mukherjee, D, Pace, A, Sachdev, S, Shikauchi, M & Singer, L 2019, 'Sub-threshold Binary Neutron Star Search in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 878, no. 1, L17. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab20cf

Sub-threshold Binary Neutron Star Search in Advanced LIGO's First Observing Run. / Magee, Ryan; Fong, Heather; Caudill, Sarah; Messick, Cody; Cannon, Kipp; Godwin, Patrick; Hanna, Chad Richard; Kapadia, Shasvath; Meacher, Duncan; Mohite, Siddharth R.; Mukherjee, Debnandini; Pace, Alexander; Sachdev, Surabhi; Shikauchi, Minori; Singer, Leo.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 878, No. 1, L17, 10.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Magee, Ryan

AU - Fong, Heather

AU - Caudill, Sarah

AU - Messick, Cody

AU - Cannon, Kipp

AU - Godwin, Patrick

AU - Hanna, Chad Richard

AU - Kapadia, Shasvath

AU - Meacher, Duncan

AU - Mohite, Siddharth R.

AU - Mukherjee, Debnandini

AU - Pace, Alexander

AU - Sachdev, Surabhi

AU - Shikauchi, Minori

AU - Singer, Leo

PY - 2019/6/10

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N2 - We present a search for gravitational waves from double neutron star binaries inspirals in Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatorys (LIGOs) first observing run. The search considers a narrow range of binary chirp masses motivated by the population of known double neutron-star binaries in the nearby universe. This search differs from previously published results by providing the most sensitive published survey of neutron stars in Advanced LIGOs first observing run within this narrow mass range, and also including times when only one of the two LIGO detectors was in operation in the analysis. The search was sensitive to binary neutron star (BNS) inspirals to an average distance of ∼85 Mpc over 93.2 days. We do not identify any unambiguous gravitational wave signals in our sample of 103 sub-threshold candidates with false-alarm rates of less than one per day. However, given the expected BNS merger rate of R ≈ 100-4000 Gpc-3 yr-1, we expect O(1) gravitational-wave events within our candidate list. This suggests the possibility that one or more of these candidates is in fact a BNS merger. Although the contamination fraction in our candidate list is ∼99%, it might be possible to correlate these events with other messengers to identify a potential multi-messenger signal. We provide an online candidate list with the times and sky locations for all events in order to enable multi-messenger searches.

AB - We present a search for gravitational waves from double neutron star binaries inspirals in Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatorys (LIGOs) first observing run. The search considers a narrow range of binary chirp masses motivated by the population of known double neutron-star binaries in the nearby universe. This search differs from previously published results by providing the most sensitive published survey of neutron stars in Advanced LIGOs first observing run within this narrow mass range, and also including times when only one of the two LIGO detectors was in operation in the analysis. The search was sensitive to binary neutron star (BNS) inspirals to an average distance of ∼85 Mpc over 93.2 days. We do not identify any unambiguous gravitational wave signals in our sample of 103 sub-threshold candidates with false-alarm rates of less than one per day. However, given the expected BNS merger rate of R ≈ 100-4000 Gpc-3 yr-1, we expect O(1) gravitational-wave events within our candidate list. This suggests the possibility that one or more of these candidates is in fact a BNS merger. Although the contamination fraction in our candidate list is ∼99%, it might be possible to correlate these events with other messengers to identify a potential multi-messenger signal. We provide an online candidate list with the times and sky locations for all events in order to enable multi-messenger searches.

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