Subpicosecond measurements of polar solvation dynamics: Coumarin 153 revisited

M. L. Horng, J. A. Gardecki, A. Papazyan, Mark Maroncelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1669 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-resolved emission measurements of the solute coumarin 153 (C153) are used to probe the time dependence of solvation in 24 common solvents at room temperature. Significant improvements in experimental time resolution (∼100 fs instrument response) as well as corresponding improvements in analysis methods provide confidence that all of the spectral evolution (including both the inertial and the diffusive parts of the response) are observed in these measurements. Extensive data concerning the steady-state solvatochromism of C153, coupled to an examination of the effects of vibrational relaxation, further demonstrate that the spectral dynamics being observed accurately monitor the dynamics of nonspecific solvation. Comparisons to theoretical predictions show that models based on the dielectric response of the pure solvent provide a semiquantitative understanding of the dynamics observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17311-17337
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume99
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Solvation
solvation
molecular relaxation
time dependence
confidence
solutes
examination
probes
room temperature
predictions
coumarin 153
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Horng, M. L. ; Gardecki, J. A. ; Papazyan, A. ; Maroncelli, Mark. / Subpicosecond measurements of polar solvation dynamics : Coumarin 153 revisited. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry. 1995 ; Vol. 99, No. 48. pp. 17311-17337.
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Subpicosecond measurements of polar solvation dynamics : Coumarin 153 revisited. / Horng, M. L.; Gardecki, J. A.; Papazyan, A.; Maroncelli, Mark.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 99, No. 48, 01.01.1995, p. 17311-17337.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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