Subtypes of aggression in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Medication effects and comparison with typical children

Sara King, Daniel A. Waschbusch, William E. Pelham, Bradley W. Frankland, Penny V. Corkum, Sophie Jacques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examined aggressive behavior in 6- to 12-year-old children, including 20 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on stimulant medication, 19 children with ADHD on placebo (n =19), and 32 controls. Children completed a laboratory provocation task designed to measure hostile, instrumental, reactive, and proactive aggression. Children in the ADHD-placebo group exhibited increased proactive and reactive aggression following high levels of provocation compared to controls. On the last trials, instrumental aggression dissipated for controls and hostile aggression dissipated for children in the ADHD-placebo group. Both instrumental and hostile aggression dissipated for children in the ADHD-medication group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-629
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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