Subtypes of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cannabis use

Mallory Loflin, Mitch Earleywine, Joseph De Leo, Andrea Hobkirk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study examined the association between subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and cannabis use within a sample of 2811 current users. Data were collected in 2012 from a national U.S. survey of cannabis users. A series of logistic regression equations and chi-squares were assessed for proportional differences between users. When asked about the ADHD symptoms they have experienced when not using cannabis, a higher proportion of daily users met symptom criteria for an ADHD diagnoses of the subtypes that include hyperactive-impulsive symptoms than the inattentive subtype. For nondaily users, the proportions of users meeting symptom criteria did not differ by subtype. These results have implications for identifying which individuals with ADHD might be more likely to self-medicate using cannabis. Furthermore, these findings indirectly support research linking relevant cannabinoid receptors to regulatory control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-434
Number of pages8
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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