Success of a Community-Based Delivery at Recruiting Individuals from Underserved Communities for an Observational Cohort Study of an Advance Care Planning Intervention

Lauren Jodi Van Scoy, Pamela D. Witt, Cindy Bramble, Christopher Richardson, Irene Putzig, Lindsey Currin, Emily Wasserman, Amy Tucci, Benjamin H. Levi, Michael Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Underserved and minority populations are often reluctant to engage in advance care planning and/or research often due to distrust in healthcare and/or research institutions. Aim: To determine if use of a community-based delivery model can facilitate recruitment of individuals from underserved communities in research about advance care planning. Design: Recruitment data are presented from a prospective, mixed methods observational cohort study that examined the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a community-based delivery model involving an end-of-life conversation game to motivate participants to complete advance care planning behaviors. Event attendance and research participation data are reported. Setting/Participants: Game events were held in community venues in 27 states across the US in 2018–2019. The model involved leveraging existing social networks to recruit attendees and research participants to community game day events. Attendees were eligible for research if they were adults who read/spoke English. Results: A total of 1,122 individuals attended events at 53 sites. Participants generally reported low income (48% reported $30,000 annual income). At sites with research assistants, there was a 90% consent rate (92% were Black). At community outreach sites, 45% agreed to a follow-up research phone call (49% were Black). Conclusions: Use of the community-based delivery model successfully engaged undeserved communities in a research-based advance care planning related community outreach event. This model may be useful for overcoming underserved and minority populations’ skepticism and distrust of healthcare and research that is a common barrier to progress in health agendas, especially advance care planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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