Good right ventricular function and responsiveness to vasodilator therapy are the most important prerequisites for successful liver transplant in patients with portopulmonary hypertension. A patient with portopulmonary hypertension and good right ventricular function presented for deceased-donor liver transplant. Pulmonary arterial pressure was controlled with epoprostenol and sildenafil preoperatively. After anesthesia induction, pulmonary arterial pressure increased significantly and the procedure was aborted. Additional medical treatment included aggressive vasodilator therapy and the transplant was successfully performed 1 month later. During the procedure, elevations in pulmonary arterial pressure responded to a combination of inhaled nitric oxide, intravenous milrinone and nitroglycerin, and optimization of mechanical ventilation.
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