Suicide ideation and attempts in children with psychiatric disorders and typical development

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Abstract

Background: Children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders are at increased risk for suicide behavior. Aims: This is the first study to compare frequencies of suicide ideation and attempts in children and adolescents with specific psychiatric disorders and typical children while controlling for comorbidity and demographics. Method: Mothers rated the frequency of suicide ideation and attempts in 1,706 children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders and typical development, 6-18 years of age. Results: For the typical group, 0.5% had suicide behavior (ideation or attempts), versus 24% across the psychiatric groups (bulimia 48%, depression or anxiety disorder 34%, oppositional defiant disorder 33%, ADHD-combined type 22%, anorexia 22%, autism 18%, intellectual disability 17%, and ADHD-inattentive type 8%). Most alarming, 29% of adolescents with bulimia often or very often had suicide attempts, compared with 0-4% of patients in the other psychiatric groups. Conclusion: It is important for professionals to routinely screen all children and adolescents who have psychiatric disorders for suicide ideation and attempts and to treat the underlying psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalCrisis
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Child Psychiatry
Suicide
Psychiatry
Adolescent Psychiatry
Bulimia
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Anorexia
Autistic Disorder
Risk-Taking
Anxiety Disorders
Intellectual Disability
Comorbidity
Mothers
Demography
Depression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "Suicide ideation and attempts in children with psychiatric disorders and typical development",
abstract = "Background: Children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders are at increased risk for suicide behavior. Aims: This is the first study to compare frequencies of suicide ideation and attempts in children and adolescents with specific psychiatric disorders and typical children while controlling for comorbidity and demographics. Method: Mothers rated the frequency of suicide ideation and attempts in 1,706 children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders and typical development, 6-18 years of age. Results: For the typical group, 0.5{\%} had suicide behavior (ideation or attempts), versus 24{\%} across the psychiatric groups (bulimia 48{\%}, depression or anxiety disorder 34{\%}, oppositional defiant disorder 33{\%}, ADHD-combined type 22{\%}, anorexia 22{\%}, autism 18{\%}, intellectual disability 17{\%}, and ADHD-inattentive type 8{\%}). Most alarming, 29{\%} of adolescents with bulimia often or very often had suicide attempts, compared with 0-4{\%} of patients in the other psychiatric groups. Conclusion: It is important for professionals to routinely screen all children and adolescents who have psychiatric disorders for suicide ideation and attempts and to treat the underlying psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk.",
author = "Susan Mayes and Susan Calhoun and Raman Baweja and Fauzia Mahr",
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T1 - Suicide ideation and attempts in children with psychiatric disorders and typical development

AU - Mayes, Susan

AU - Calhoun, Susan

AU - Baweja, Raman

AU - Mahr, Fauzia

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Background: Children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders are at increased risk for suicide behavior. Aims: This is the first study to compare frequencies of suicide ideation and attempts in children and adolescents with specific psychiatric disorders and typical children while controlling for comorbidity and demographics. Method: Mothers rated the frequency of suicide ideation and attempts in 1,706 children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders and typical development, 6-18 years of age. Results: For the typical group, 0.5% had suicide behavior (ideation or attempts), versus 24% across the psychiatric groups (bulimia 48%, depression or anxiety disorder 34%, oppositional defiant disorder 33%, ADHD-combined type 22%, anorexia 22%, autism 18%, intellectual disability 17%, and ADHD-inattentive type 8%). Most alarming, 29% of adolescents with bulimia often or very often had suicide attempts, compared with 0-4% of patients in the other psychiatric groups. Conclusion: It is important for professionals to routinely screen all children and adolescents who have psychiatric disorders for suicide ideation and attempts and to treat the underlying psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk.

AB - Background: Children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders are at increased risk for suicide behavior. Aims: This is the first study to compare frequencies of suicide ideation and attempts in children and adolescents with specific psychiatric disorders and typical children while controlling for comorbidity and demographics. Method: Mothers rated the frequency of suicide ideation and attempts in 1,706 children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders and typical development, 6-18 years of age. Results: For the typical group, 0.5% had suicide behavior (ideation or attempts), versus 24% across the psychiatric groups (bulimia 48%, depression or anxiety disorder 34%, oppositional defiant disorder 33%, ADHD-combined type 22%, anorexia 22%, autism 18%, intellectual disability 17%, and ADHD-inattentive type 8%). Most alarming, 29% of adolescents with bulimia often or very often had suicide attempts, compared with 0-4% of patients in the other psychiatric groups. Conclusion: It is important for professionals to routinely screen all children and adolescents who have psychiatric disorders for suicide ideation and attempts and to treat the underlying psychiatric disorders that increase suicide risk.

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