Microblogging platforms such as Twitter are widely used by eyewitnesses and affected people to post situational updates during mass convergence events such as natural and man-made disasters. These crisis-related messages disperse among multiple classes/categories such as infrastructure damage, shelter needs, information about missing, injured, and dead people. Moreover, we observe that sometimes people post information about their missing relatives and friends with personal details such as names and last seen location. The information requirements of different stakeholders (government, NGOs, and rescue workers) also vary a lot. This brings twofold challenges: 1) extracting important high-level situational updates from these messages, assigning them appropriate categories, and finally summarizing big trove of information in each category and 2) extracting small-scale time-critical sparse updates related to missing or trapped people. In this article, we propose a classification-summarization framework which first assigns tweets into different situational classes and then summarizes those tweets. In the summarization phase, we propose a two-step extractive-abstractive summarization framework. In the first step, it extracts a set of important tweets from the whole set of information, develops a bigram-based word-graph from those tweets, and generates paths by traversing the word-graph. Next, it uses an optimization technique based on integer linear programming (ILP) to select the most important tweets and paths based on different optimization parameters such as informativeness and coverage of content words. Apart from general classwise summarization, we also show the customization of our summarization model to address time-critical sparse information needs (e.g., missing relatives). Our proposed method is time- and memory-efficient and shows better performance than state-of-the-art methods in terms of both quantitative and qualitative judgment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modeling and Simulation
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Human-Computer Interaction