17 O Knight shift measurements in Sr2RuO4 were performed over the wide range of magnetic field 3.2-11.4kOe parallel to the basal RuO2 planes. The spin susceptibility is totally unchanged through its Tc, evidencing that the spin-triplet superconducting state is realized in Sr2RuO4. The result indicates that the Cooper pairs consist of the parallel spin pairs | ↑↑> and | ↑↑> with their quantization axis perpendicular to the c-axis direction. The in-plane 2D nearly ferromagnetic spin fluctuations may play a role for the stabilization of this state among various representations of spin-triplet order parameter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics