Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation

Guohua Dong, Suzhi Li, Mouteng Yao, Ziyao Zhou, Yong Qiang Zhang, Xu Han, Zhenlin Luo, Junxiang Yao, Bin Peng, Zhongqiang Hu, Houbing Huang, Tingting Jia, Jiangyu Li, Wei Ren, Zuo Guang Ye, Xiangdong Ding, Jun Sun, Ce Wen Nan, Long Qing Chen, Ju LiMing Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ferroelectrics are usually inflexible oxides that undergo brittle deformation. We synthesized freestanding single-crystalline ferroelectric barium titanate (BaTiO3) membranes with a damage-free lifting-off process. Our BaTiO3 membranes can undergo a ~180° folding during an in situ bending test, demonstrating a super-elasticity and ultraflexibility. We found that the origin of the super-elasticity was from the dynamic evolution of ferroelectric nanodomains. High stresses modulate the energy landscape markedly and allow the dipoles to rotate continuously between the a and c nanodomains. A continuous transition zone is formed to accommodate the variant strain and avoid high mismatch stress that usually causes fracture. The phenomenon should be possible in other ferroelectrics systems through domain engineering. The ultraflexible epitaxial ferroelectric membranes could enable many applications such as flexible sensors, memories, and electronic skins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume366
Issue number6464
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2019

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Elasticity
Membranes
Oxides
Skin
barium titanate(IV)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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Dong, G., Li, S., Yao, M., Zhou, Z., Zhang, Y. Q., Han, X., ... Liu, M. (2019). Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation. Science, 366(6464), 475-479. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay7221
Dong, Guohua ; Li, Suzhi ; Yao, Mouteng ; Zhou, Ziyao ; Zhang, Yong Qiang ; Han, Xu ; Luo, Zhenlin ; Yao, Junxiang ; Peng, Bin ; Hu, Zhongqiang ; Huang, Houbing ; Jia, Tingting ; Li, Jiangyu ; Ren, Wei ; Ye, Zuo Guang ; Ding, Xiangdong ; Sun, Jun ; Nan, Ce Wen ; Chen, Long Qing ; Li, Ju ; Liu, Ming. / Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation. In: Science. 2019 ; Vol. 366, No. 6464. pp. 475-479.
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title = "Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation",
abstract = "Ferroelectrics are usually inflexible oxides that undergo brittle deformation. We synthesized freestanding single-crystalline ferroelectric barium titanate (BaTiO3) membranes with a damage-free lifting-off process. Our BaTiO3 membranes can undergo a ~180° folding during an in situ bending test, demonstrating a super-elasticity and ultraflexibility. We found that the origin of the super-elasticity was from the dynamic evolution of ferroelectric nanodomains. High stresses modulate the energy landscape markedly and allow the dipoles to rotate continuously between the a and c nanodomains. A continuous transition zone is formed to accommodate the variant strain and avoid high mismatch stress that usually causes fracture. The phenomenon should be possible in other ferroelectrics systems through domain engineering. The ultraflexible epitaxial ferroelectric membranes could enable many applications such as flexible sensors, memories, and electronic skins.",
author = "Guohua Dong and Suzhi Li and Mouteng Yao and Ziyao Zhou and Zhang, {Yong Qiang} and Xu Han and Zhenlin Luo and Junxiang Yao and Bin Peng and Zhongqiang Hu and Houbing Huang and Tingting Jia and Jiangyu Li and Wei Ren and Ye, {Zuo Guang} and Xiangdong Ding and Jun Sun and Nan, {Ce Wen} and Chen, {Long Qing} and Ju Li and Ming Liu",
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Dong, G, Li, S, Yao, M, Zhou, Z, Zhang, YQ, Han, X, Luo, Z, Yao, J, Peng, B, Hu, Z, Huang, H, Jia, T, Li, J, Ren, W, Ye, ZG, Ding, X, Sun, J, Nan, CW, Chen, LQ, Li, J & Liu, M 2019, 'Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation', Science, vol. 366, no. 6464, pp. 475-479. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay7221

Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation. / Dong, Guohua; Li, Suzhi; Yao, Mouteng; Zhou, Ziyao; Zhang, Yong Qiang; Han, Xu; Luo, Zhenlin; Yao, Junxiang; Peng, Bin; Hu, Zhongqiang; Huang, Houbing; Jia, Tingting; Li, Jiangyu; Ren, Wei; Ye, Zuo Guang; Ding, Xiangdong; Sun, Jun; Nan, Ce Wen; Chen, Long Qing; Li, Ju; Liu, Ming.

In: Science, Vol. 366, No. 6464, 25.10.2019, p. 475-479.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Super-elastic ferroelectric single-crystal membrane with continuous electric dipole rotation

AU - Dong, Guohua

AU - Li, Suzhi

AU - Yao, Mouteng

AU - Zhou, Ziyao

AU - Zhang, Yong Qiang

AU - Han, Xu

AU - Luo, Zhenlin

AU - Yao, Junxiang

AU - Peng, Bin

AU - Hu, Zhongqiang

AU - Huang, Houbing

AU - Jia, Tingting

AU - Li, Jiangyu

AU - Ren, Wei

AU - Ye, Zuo Guang

AU - Ding, Xiangdong

AU - Sun, Jun

AU - Nan, Ce Wen

AU - Chen, Long Qing

AU - Li, Ju

AU - Liu, Ming

PY - 2019/10/25

Y1 - 2019/10/25

N2 - Ferroelectrics are usually inflexible oxides that undergo brittle deformation. We synthesized freestanding single-crystalline ferroelectric barium titanate (BaTiO3) membranes with a damage-free lifting-off process. Our BaTiO3 membranes can undergo a ~180° folding during an in situ bending test, demonstrating a super-elasticity and ultraflexibility. We found that the origin of the super-elasticity was from the dynamic evolution of ferroelectric nanodomains. High stresses modulate the energy landscape markedly and allow the dipoles to rotate continuously between the a and c nanodomains. A continuous transition zone is formed to accommodate the variant strain and avoid high mismatch stress that usually causes fracture. The phenomenon should be possible in other ferroelectrics systems through domain engineering. The ultraflexible epitaxial ferroelectric membranes could enable many applications such as flexible sensors, memories, and electronic skins.

AB - Ferroelectrics are usually inflexible oxides that undergo brittle deformation. We synthesized freestanding single-crystalline ferroelectric barium titanate (BaTiO3) membranes with a damage-free lifting-off process. Our BaTiO3 membranes can undergo a ~180° folding during an in situ bending test, demonstrating a super-elasticity and ultraflexibility. We found that the origin of the super-elasticity was from the dynamic evolution of ferroelectric nanodomains. High stresses modulate the energy landscape markedly and allow the dipoles to rotate continuously between the a and c nanodomains. A continuous transition zone is formed to accommodate the variant strain and avoid high mismatch stress that usually causes fracture. The phenomenon should be possible in other ferroelectrics systems through domain engineering. The ultraflexible epitaxial ferroelectric membranes could enable many applications such as flexible sensors, memories, and electronic skins.

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JO - Science

JF - Science

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