Super-stretchable graphene oxide macroscopic fibers with outstanding knotability fabricated by dry film scrolling

Rodolfo Cruz-Silva, Aaron Morelos-Gomez, Hyung Ick Kim, Hong Kyu Jang, Ferdinando Tristan, Sofia Vega-Diaz, Lakshmy P. Rajukumar, Ana Laura Elías, Nestor Perea-Lopez, Jonghwan Suhr, Morinobu Endo, Mauricio Terrones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphene oxide (GO) has recently become an attractive building block for fabricating graphene-based functional materials. GO films and fibers have been prepared mainly by vacuum filtration and wet spinning. These materials exhibit relatively high Young's moduli but low toughness and a high tendency to tear or break. Here, we report an alternative method, using bar coating and drying of water/GO dispersions, for preparing large-area GO thin films (e.g., 800-1200 cm2 or larger) with an outstanding mechanical behavior and excellent tear resistance. These dried films were subsequently scrolled to prepare GO fibers with extremely large elongation to fracture (up to 76%), high toughness (up to 17 J/m3), and attractive macroscopic properties, such as uniform circular cross section, smooth surface, and great knotability. This method is simple, and after thermal reduction of the GO material, it can render highly electrically conducting graphene-based fibers with values up to 416 S/cm at room temperature. In this context, GO fibers annealed at 2000°C were also successfully used as electron field emitters operating at low turn on voltages of ca. 0.48 V/μm and high current densities (5.3 A/cm2). Robust GO fibers and large-area films with fascinating architectures and outstanding mechanical and electrical properties were prepared with bar coating followed by dry film scrolling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5959-5967
Number of pages9
JournalACS nano
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Cruz-Silva, R., Morelos-Gomez, A., Kim, H. I., Jang, H. K., Tristan, F., Vega-Diaz, S., Rajukumar, L. P., Elías, A. L., Perea-Lopez, N., Suhr, J., Endo, M., & Terrones, M. (2014). Super-stretchable graphene oxide macroscopic fibers with outstanding knotability fabricated by dry film scrolling. ACS nano, 8(6), 5959-5967. https://doi.org/10.1021/nn501098d