Supercell Thunderstorms

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The environments and characteristics of supercell thunderstorms are reviewed, followed by a theoretical discussion of the dynamical origins of supercell rotation and propagation. Supercell thunderstorm environments are characterized by large vertical wind shear. The large wind shear promotes longevity, organization, and severity for several reasons: (1) large storm-relative winds associated with the wind shear minimize the degree to which precipitation interferes with the updraft; (2) large horizontal vorticity associated with the wind shear is tilted into the vertical to produce a midlevel mesocyclone; (3) the rotation within the updraft and the interaction of the updraft with the large environmental wind shear give rise to strong dynamic pressure gradients which can feed back to the intensity and organization of the supercell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages29-43
Number of pages15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Publication series

NameCISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures
Volume475
ISSN (Print)0254-1971
ISSN (Electronic)2309-3706

Fingerprint

Thunderstorms
Vertical
Precipitation (meteorology)
Pressure Gradient
Vorticity
Pressure gradient
Horizontal
Propagation
Feedback
Minimise
Interaction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Markowski, P. (2007). Supercell Thunderstorms. In CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures (pp. 29-43). (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures; Vol. 475). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-211-69291-2_5
Markowski, Paul. / Supercell Thunderstorms. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. Springer International Publishing, 2007. pp. 29-43 (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures).
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Markowski, P 2007, Supercell Thunderstorms. in CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures, vol. 475, Springer International Publishing, pp. 29-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-211-69291-2_5

Supercell Thunderstorms. / Markowski, Paul.

CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. Springer International Publishing, 2007. p. 29-43 (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures; Vol. 475).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Markowski P. Supercell Thunderstorms. In CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. Springer International Publishing. 2007. p. 29-43. (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-211-69291-2_5