High quality epitaxial Nd2-xCexCuO4-y (NCCO) thin films were fabricated on various substrates by pulsed-laser deposition using N2O reactive gas. The similarities and dissimilarities of the superconducting and structural properties of NCCO films, on perovskite-type substrates such as LaAlO3, NdGaO3, and SrTiO3 and on a fluorite-type substrate of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), were investigated systematically as a function of film thickness by transport measurements and structural analysis. A remarkable reduction of T c was observed when the film was thinner than a critical thickness, which strongly depends on the substrate. The critical thicknesses for which Tc is 80% of Tc max are 1200, 1000, 600, and 450 Å for LaAlO3, NdGaO3, SrTiO3, and YSZ, respectively. YSZ turns out to be the best candidate for the growth of very thin NCCO films among the substrates studied. These results show a strong correlation between the strain and Tc in NCCO thin films and point the way to the fabrication of n-type superconducting electric field devices using ultrathin NCCO films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)