Superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerides

O. Gunnarsson, J. E. Han, E. Koch, V. H. Crespi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alkali-doped fullerides differ in important respects from conventional superconductors. In the latter ωph ≪ W, where ωph and W are the phononic and electronic energy scales, respectively . Retardation effects are therefore believed to reduce drastically the effects of the Coulomb repulsion, allowing the phonon induced attraction to drive superconductivity. For the alkali-doped fullerides, on the other hand, ωph ∼ W. We discuss retardation effects extensively, and argue that these effects should not drastically reduce the Coulomb repulsion, raising questions about how superconductivity is possible. It is then important to treat the Coulomb repulsion and the electron-phonon interaction on an equal footing, rather than treating the Coulomb repulsion as a small empirical parameter μ*, as is done for conventional superconductors. For this reason we use the dynamical mean-field theory. We find that the interplay between the electron-electron and electronphonon interactions is crucial, leading to a so-called local pairing, where the electrons tend to pair on the molecules. This results from the important phonons being intramolecular Jahn-Teller phonons. This local pairing helps forming a coherent superconducting state and it makes the superconductivity quite resistant to the Coulomb repulsion. It also explains the strong doping dependence in these systems. .

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSuperconductivity in Complex Systems
EditorsAlex Muller, Annette Bussmann-Holde
Pages71-101
Number of pages31
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2005

Publication series

NameStructure and Bonding
Volume114
ISSN (Print)0081-5993
ISSN (Electronic)1616-8550

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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