The modifying effects of the organoselenium 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) and the Citrus antioxidant auraptene as dietary supplements on experimental pulmonary metastasis of B16BL6 murine melanoma cells were investigated in an i.v. injection model in mice. Seven groups of male C57BL/6 mice were fed a basal diet (control group) or the basal diet supplemented with p-XSC (4, 8, or 15 mg/kg) or auraptene (250, 500, or 1000 mg/kg). All mice were fed their respective diet for 2 weeks before and after i.v. injection of 1 × 105viable melanoma cells. At termination of the study, the incidence of lung metastatic tumors was determined. Cross-sectional areas and tumor volumes were analyzed morphometrically. In addition, apoptotic indices of lung metastatic tumors of all groups were counted. The incidences of lung metastasis in mice fed the diet mixed with 8 or 15 mg p-XSC/kg were significantly smaller than that in mice fed the basal diet. The mean numbers of metastatic lung tumors were significantly lower in mice fed p-XSC (4, 8, and 15 mg/kg) and auraptene (500 and 1000 mg/kg) than in controls. Cross-sectional areas and volumes of the tumors were also significantly decreased in mice given p-XSC (8 or 15 mg/kg) and auraptene (500 mg/kg). Apoptotic indices in mice fed the diets mixed with p-XSC (4, 8, or 15 mg/kg) and auraptene (500 and 1000 mg/kg) were significantly greater than those in the control group. These results indicate that in mice, diet supplementation with p-XSC and auraptene reduces pulmonary metastasis of B16BL6 melanoma cells and inhibits the growth of these metastatic tumors in lung, in part, by inducing apoptosis. We suggest that these agents, especially p-XSC, may be valuable in preventing metastatic diseases in future studies in the clinic.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Jul 15 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research