Supramolecular morphology of two-step, melt-spun poly(lactic acid) fibers

John A. Cicero, John R. Dorgan, Jay Janzen, James Garrett, James Patrick Runt, J. S. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibers of poly(lactic acid) produced by twostep melt spinning have been studied. The morphology is elucidated with respect to the thermal and mechanical properties of fibers produced at cold-draw ratios of 1-8. With atomic force microscopy and small-angle X-ray scattering, a fibrillar morphology is found, with microfibril diameters ranging from 30 to 60 nm. Shrinkage properties indicate that, with increasing draw ratio, the fibers undergo a transition from class 2 to class 1 within the classification proposed by Keller. A supramolecular model for the morphology of the fibers is presented that entails a highly oriented skin with a core consisting of microfibrils. The orientation of the crystalline blocks within the microfibrils is similar to what has been reported for nylon fibers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2828-2838
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume86
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 2002

Fingerprint

Lactic acid
Fibers
Melt spinning
Nylons
X ray scattering
Crystal orientation
Atomic force microscopy
Skin
Thermodynamic properties
poly(lactic acid)
Crystalline materials
Mechanical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Cicero, J. A., Dorgan, J. R., Janzen, J., Garrett, J., Runt, J. P., & Lin, J. S. (2002). Supramolecular morphology of two-step, melt-spun poly(lactic acid) fibers. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 86(11), 2828-2838. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.11267
Cicero, John A. ; Dorgan, John R. ; Janzen, Jay ; Garrett, James ; Runt, James Patrick ; Lin, J. S. / Supramolecular morphology of two-step, melt-spun poly(lactic acid) fibers. In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2002 ; Vol. 86, No. 11. pp. 2828-2838.
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Cicero, JA, Dorgan, JR, Janzen, J, Garrett, J, Runt, JP & Lin, JS 2002, 'Supramolecular morphology of two-step, melt-spun poly(lactic acid) fibers', Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 86, no. 11, pp. 2828-2838. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.11267

Supramolecular morphology of two-step, melt-spun poly(lactic acid) fibers. / Cicero, John A.; Dorgan, John R.; Janzen, Jay; Garrett, James; Runt, James Patrick; Lin, J. S.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 86, No. 11, 09.12.2002, p. 2828-2838.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Dorgan, John R.

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AU - Runt, James Patrick

AU - Lin, J. S.

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