Sural/radial amplitude ratio in the diagnosis of mild axonal polyneuropathy

Seward B. Rutkove, Milind J. Kothari, Elizabeth M. Raynor, Michele L. Levy, Ricardo Fadic, Rachel A. Nardin

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Abstract

As proximal nerves are relatively spared in length-dependent, axonal polyneuropathy, we theorized that a sural/radial amplitude ratio (SRAR) might be a sensitive indicator of mild polyneuropathy. In this study, sural amplitudes and SRARs in patients with signs of mild axonal polyneuropathy were compared to those of normal, age-matched control subjects. Sural and radial sensory responses were measured in a standard fashion in all subjects. Thirty polyneuropathy patients had an average SRAR of 0.29 as compared to 0.71 for the 30 normal subjects. An SRAR of less than 0.40 was a strong predictor of axonal polyneuropathy, with 90% sensitivity and 90% specificity, as compared to an absolute sural amplitude of less than 6.0 μV, which had sensitivity of only 66%. Additionally, unlike the sural amplitude, the ratio did not vary significantly with age. We conclude that the SRAR is a sensitive, specific, age-independent electrodiagnostic test for mild axonal polyneuropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1236-1241
Number of pages6
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)

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