Surface tension of binary metal-surface active solute systems under conditions relevant to welding metallurgy

P. Sahoo, Tarasankar Debroy, M. J. McNallan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

377 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the fluid flow, heat transfer, and the resulting weld properties are significantly affected by interfacial tension driven flow, the variation of interfacial tension in dilute binary solutions is studied as a function of both composition and temperature. Entropy and enthalpy of adsorption of surface active components such as oxygen, sulfur, selenium, and tellurium in Fe-O, Fe-S, Fe-Se, Cu-O, Cu-S, Cu-Se, Cu-Te, Ag-O, and Sn-Te systems were calculated from the analysis of the published data on interfacial tension of these systems. For these calculations, a formalism based on the combination of Gibbs and Langmuir adsorption isotherms was used. Interfacial tensions in Cr-O, Co-S, and Ni-S systems, where the data are scarce, were predicted by using certain approximations. The computed values were found to be in reasonable agreement with the data available in the literature. Temperature coefficients of interfacial tensions were calculated for several binary systems. It was demonstrated that in dilute solutions, the temperature coefficient of interfacial tension is strongly influenced by the heat of adsorption which, in turn, is influenced by the difference in electronegativity between the solute and solvent ions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-491
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical Transactions B
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1988

Fingerprint

metallurgy
Metallurgy
welding
metal surfaces
Surface tension
solutes
interfacial tension
Welding
Metals
adsorption
Tellurium
Adsorption
Electronegativity
Selenium
tellurium
coefficients
selenium
Adsorption isotherms
Sulfur
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Surface tension of binary metal-surface active solute systems under conditions relevant to welding metallurgy",
abstract = "Since the fluid flow, heat transfer, and the resulting weld properties are significantly affected by interfacial tension driven flow, the variation of interfacial tension in dilute binary solutions is studied as a function of both composition and temperature. Entropy and enthalpy of adsorption of surface active components such as oxygen, sulfur, selenium, and tellurium in Fe-O, Fe-S, Fe-Se, Cu-O, Cu-S, Cu-Se, Cu-Te, Ag-O, and Sn-Te systems were calculated from the analysis of the published data on interfacial tension of these systems. For these calculations, a formalism based on the combination of Gibbs and Langmuir adsorption isotherms was used. Interfacial tensions in Cr-O, Co-S, and Ni-S systems, where the data are scarce, were predicted by using certain approximations. The computed values were found to be in reasonable agreement with the data available in the literature. Temperature coefficients of interfacial tensions were calculated for several binary systems. It was demonstrated that in dilute solutions, the temperature coefficient of interfacial tension is strongly influenced by the heat of adsorption which, in turn, is influenced by the difference in electronegativity between the solute and solvent ions.",
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Surface tension of binary metal-surface active solute systems under conditions relevant to welding metallurgy. / Sahoo, P.; Debroy, Tarasankar; McNallan, M. J.

In: Metallurgical Transactions B, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.06.1988, p. 483-491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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