Surfactant protein A expression is delayed in fetuses of streptozotocin- treated rats

S. H. Guttentag, David Phelps, W. Stenzel, J. B. Warshaw, Joanna Floros

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Abstract

The content and distribution of the 26-to 38-kDa surfactant protein (SP-A) and its mRNA were determined in fetuses of control and streptozotocin (STZ)- treated Sprague-Dawley rats using immunohistochemistry, RNA blotting, and in situ hybridization. Female rats were treated with 50 mg/kg STZ before mating, and the fetuses were killed at fetal days 18-21 or on neonatal days 1 and 2 (day of birth = end of day 22). SP-A was barely detectable on fetal day 18 in controls and easily detected by fetal day 21. In the STZ group, SP-A was decreased compared with controls at fetal days 18-21. However, by neonatal days 1-2, there were no significant differences in SP-A levels between groups. SP-A mRNA was detectable at fetal day 18 in controls, but it was decreased in the STZ group at day 18-21 (P < 0.02) and differences were no longer detected by neonatal days 1-2. SP-A and SP-A mRNA accumulated with advancing gestational age in both groups until neonatal days 1-2. The differences in SP-A and SP-A mRNA levels in the two groups diminished with advancing age but remained significant at fetal day 21. These data suggest that STZ-induced diabetes interferes with normal expression of SP-A in the developing fetal lung.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L489-L494
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume262
Issue number4 6-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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