Surgical Management of Unusual Cardiac Tumors in Infants and Children

Steven P. Goldberg, Christopher J. Knott-Craig, Umar S. Boston, Giancarlo C. Mari, Edward V. Colvin, Thomas K. Chin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

While most primary tumors of the heart are histologically benign, they are significant space-occupying lesions with serious functional implications for the heart and lungs. Herein, we highlight our experience with the surgical management of selected cardiac tumors in the pediatric population between 2008 and 2010. (1) Intrapericardial teratomas in the fetus can produce fatal tamponade from compression by the attendant pericardial effusion, and a critical life-saving maneuver preoperatively is to drain the effusion prenatally, followed by an expeditious resection after birth. (2) Rhabdomyomas, the most common of the pediatric cardiac tumors, can be intracavitary, large, and associated with the mitral subvalvular apparatus. (3) Cardiac fibromas should be aggressively resected or at least debulked, especially given their propensity for dysrrhythmias. The key to success is as complete a resection as possible, but not at the expense of other normal structures. (4) Complex nonobstructive hypertrophic myopathy can be thought of as a type of neoplastic overgrowth, and aggressive resection of even midcavitary obstructive lesions should be considered as a viable alternative to primary transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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