There remains controversy regarding the appropriate surgical treatment of coarctation of the aorta in infants. In 1985 we introduced the extended end- to-end repair into our practice and now wish to present a review of our recent experience. One hundred fifty-one infants younger than 3 months of age underwent repair of coarctation between 1985 and 1990. In 25% and 33% of the patients, there was hypoplasia of the isthmus and of the transverse arch, respectively. Surgical procedures were as follows: subclavian flap angioplasty in 15 patients, resection with a traditional end-to-end anastomosis in 43, and resection with an extended end-to-end anastomosis into the arch in 77. In 30 patients, the extension was proximal to the origin of the left carotid artery (radically extended end-to-end anastomosis). Other procedures were used in 16 patients. Mortality (13 early and 12 late deaths) was related on multivariate analysis to the presence of an associated major heart defect, preoperative resuscitation, and direct postoperative gradient over the arch. This immediate postoperative gradient was significantly lower after both extended and radically extended end-to-end anastomosis if there was a hypoplastic isthmus, and after radically extended end-to-end anastomosis if the transverse arch was hypoplastic. Actuarial freedom from recoarctation at 4 years was 57% (confidence limits 28% to 78%) after subclavian flap angioplasty, 77% (confidence limits 60% to 87%) after end- to-end anastomosis, 83% (confidence limits 66% to 92%) after extended end- to-end anastomosis and 96% (confidence limits 77% to 100%) after radically extended end-to-end anastomosis. We conclude that the extended end-to-end anastomosis and radical end-to-end anastomosis appear to offer the best prognosis for all infants with coarctation. The technique can be applied successfully to almost all types of arch anomalies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine