Survival outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplants with EBV-positive or EBV-negative post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, A CIBMTR study

Seema Naik, Marcie Riches, Parameswaran Hari, Soyoung Kim, Min Chen, Carlos Bachier, Paul Shaughnessy, Joshua Hill, Per Ljungman, Minoo Battiwalla, Saurabh Chhabra, Andrew Daly, Jan Storek, Celalettin Ustun, Miguel Angel Diaz, Jan Cerny, Amer Beitinjaneh, Jean Yared, Valerie Brown, Kristin PageParastoo B. Dahi, Siddhartha Ganguly, Sachiko Seo, Nelson Chao, Cesar O. Freytes, Ayman Saad, Bipin N. Savani, Kwang Woo Ahn, Michael Boeckh, Helen E. Heslop, Hillard M. Lazarus, Jeffery J. Auletta, Rammurti T. Kamble

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Abstract

Background: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (alloHCT). Although most PTLD is EBV-positive (EBVpos), EBV-negative (EBVneg) PTLD is reported, yet its incidence and clinical impact remain largely undefined. Furthermore, factors at the time of transplant impacting survival following PTLD are not well described. Methods: Between 2002 and 2014, 432 cases of PTLD following alloHCT were reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR). After exclusions, 267 cases (EBVpos= 222, 83%; EBVneg= 45, 17%) were analyzed. Results: Two hundred and eight patients (78%) received in vivo T-cell depletion (TCD) with either anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) or alemtuzumab. Incidence of PTLD was highest using umbilical cord donors (UCB, 1.60%) and lowest using matched related donors (MRD, 0.40%). Clinical features and histology did not significantly differ among EBVpos or EBVnegPTLD cases except that absolute lymphocyte count recovery was slower, and CMV reactivation was later in EBVneg PTLD [EBVpos 32 (5-95) days versus EBVneg 47 (10-70) days, P =.016]. There was no impact on survival by EBV status in multivariable analysis [EBVneg RR 1.42, 95% CI 0.94-2.15, P =.097]. Conclusions: There is no difference in survival outcomes for patients with EBVpos or EBVneg PTLD occurring following alloHCT and 1-year survival is poor. Features of conditioning and use of serotherapy remain important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13145
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Transplantation

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Naik, S., Riches, M., Hari, P., Kim, S., Chen, M., Bachier, C., Shaughnessy, P., Hill, J., Ljungman, P., Battiwalla, M., Chhabra, S., Daly, A., Storek, J., Ustun, C., Diaz, M. A., Cerny, J., Beitinjaneh, A., Yared, J., Brown, V., ... Kamble, R. T. (2019). Survival outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplants with EBV-positive or EBV-negative post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, A CIBMTR study. Transplant Infectious Disease, 21(5), [e13145]. https://doi.org/10.1111/tid.13145