Sustainability and reliability assessment of microgrids in a regional electricity market

Chiara Lo Prete, Benjamin F. Hobbs, Catherine S. Norman, Sergio Cano-Andrade, Alejandro Fuentes, Michael R. von Spakovsky, Lamine Mili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We develop a framework to assess and quantify the sustainability and reliability of different power production scenarios in a regional system, focusing on the interaction of microgrids with the existing transmission/distribution grid. The Northwestern European electricity market (Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands) provides a case study for our purposes. We present simulations of power market outcomes under various policies and levels of microgrid penetration, and evaluate them using a diverse set of metrics. This analysis is the first attempt to include exergy-based and reliability indices when evaluating the role of microgrids in regional power systems. The results suggest that a power network in which fossil-fueled microgrids and a price on CO2 emissions are included has the highest composite sustainability index.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-202
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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