Sustainable smallholder intensification in global change? Pivotal spatial interactions, gendered livelihoods, and agrobiodiversity

Karl S. Zimmerer, Judith A. Carney, Steven J. Vanek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sustainable intensification (SI) and ecological intensification (EI) are promoted globally to strengthen food security and ensure environmental sustainability. Recent focus on land and agri-food systems of smallholders urges we address SI and EI through rethinking crucial social-ecological processes and spatial patterns. Principal findings underscore: firstly, the dynamics of differentiated, relational spaces of smallholder intensification/disintensification at region and landscape scales that include a polarization trend; secondly, gendered livelihood strategies across spatially differentiated landscapes influenced by smallholder migration and expanded gendering of land and agri-food systems; and finally, complex interactions of agrobiodiversity and agroecosystems mediated by smallholder and gendered knowledge systems across peri-urban to remote rural landscapes. The conclusion discusses policy implications of the spatial, gender, and agrobiodiversity dynamics of smallholder SI/EI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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