Sustainable intensification (SI) and ecological intensification (EI) are promoted globally to strengthen food security and ensure environmental sustainability. Recent focus on land and agri-food systems of smallholders urges we address SI and EI through rethinking crucial social-ecological processes and spatial patterns. Principal findings underscore: firstly, the dynamics of differentiated, relational spaces of smallholder intensification/disintensification at region and landscape scales that include a polarization trend; secondly, gendered livelihood strategies across spatially differentiated landscapes influenced by smallholder migration and expanded gendering of land and agri-food systems; and finally, complex interactions of agrobiodiversity and agroecosystems mediated by smallholder and gendered knowledge systems across peri-urban to remote rural landscapes. The conclusion discusses policy implications of the spatial, gender, and agrobiodiversity dynamics of smallholder SI/EI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Social Sciences(all)