Swift observations of the prompt X-ray emission and afterglow from GRB050126 and GRB050219A

M. R. Goad, G. Tagliaferri, K. L. Page, A. Moretti, J. P. Osborne, S. Kobayashi, P. Kumar, P. I. Mészáros, G. Chincarini, T. Sakamoto, B. Zhang, S. D. Barthelmy, A. P. Beardmore, D. N. Burrows, S. Campana, M. Capalbi, L. Cominsky, G. Cusumano, N. Gehrels, P. GiommiO. Godet, J. E. Hill, J. A. Kennea, H. Krimm, V. La Parola, V. Mangano, T. Mineo, D. C. Morris, K. Mukerjee, J. A. Nousek, P. T. O'Brien, C. Pagani, M. Perri, P. Romano, A. A. Wells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report on the temporal and spectral characteristics of the early X-ray emission from the Gamma Ray Bursts GRB050126 and GRB050219A as observed by Swift. The X-ray light-curves of these 2 bursts both show remarkably steep early decays (F(t) ∝ t-3), breaking to flatter slopes on timescales of a few hundred seconds. For GRB050126 the burst shows no evidence of spectral evolution in the 20-150 keV band, and the spectral index of the γ-ray and X-ray afterglows are significantly different suggesting a separate origin. By contrast the BAT spectrum of GRB050219A displays significant spectral evolution, becoming softer at later times, with Γ evolving toward the XRT photon index seen in the early X-ray afterglow phase. For both bursts, the 0.2-10 keV spectral index pre- and post-break in the X-ray decay light-curve are consistent with no spectral evolution, We suggest that the steep early decline in the X-ray decay light-curve is either the curvature tail of the prompt emission; X-ray flaring activity; or external forward shock emission from a jet with high density regions of small angular size (>Γ-1). The late slope we associate with the forward external shock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume449
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Goad, M. R., Tagliaferri, G., Page, K. L., Moretti, A., Osborne, J. P., Kobayashi, S., Kumar, P., Mészáros, P. I., Chincarini, G., Sakamoto, T., Zhang, B., Barthelmy, S. D., Beardmore, A. P., Burrows, D. N., Campana, S., Capalbi, M., Cominsky, L., Cusumano, G., Gehrels, N., ... Wells, A. A. (2006). Swift observations of the prompt X-ray emission and afterglow from GRB050126 and GRB050219A. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 449(1), 89-100. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20054457