This paper examines the efficacy of a novel method for anomaly detection in mechanical systems, which makes use of a hidden Markov model, derived from the time-series data of pertinent measurement(s). The core concept of the anomaly detection method is symbolic time-series analysis that is built upon the principles of Automata Theory, Information Theory, and Pattern Recognition. The performance of this method is compared with that of other existing pattern-recognition techniques from the perspective of early detection of small fatigue cracks in ductile alloy structures. The experimental apparatus, on which the anomaly detection method is tested, is a multi-degree-of-freedom mass-beam structure excited by oscillatory motion of two electromagnetic shakers. The evolution of fatigue crack damage at one or more failure sites are detected from symbolic time-series analysis of displacement sensor signals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering