Like other PAHs, chiysenes are thought to exert their carcimogenicity via metabolic activation of proximally carcinogenic dihydrodiols to diol epoxides as ultimate carcinogens. Benzo[c] chrysene (B[c]C) is structurally intriguing among the PAH because it features both a bay region and a fjord region. Although B[c]C is carcinogenic and mutagenic, few data are available on its metabolic activation or the nature of its metabolites. We have synthesized the B[c]C trans-1,2-, 7,8-, and 9,10-dihydrodiols from the appropriate methoxy-substituted bisnaphthyl olefins by photochemical cyclization. B[c]C was metabolized with S9 liver fraction from phenobarbital/β-naphthoflavone-treated rats. Dihydrodiols were formed on both terminal rings as well as in the K-region. 2-, 3-, and 10-HydroxyB[c]C were also identified as metabolites. In mutagenicity studies toward S. typhimurium TA100, 1,2-dihydrodiol was more mutagenic than B[c]C at doses above 1.25 μg/plate, whereas 9,10-dihydrodiol was toxic at doses above 1.25 μg/plate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry