As part of our studies of lethal viral mutagens, a series of 5-substituted cytidine analogues were synthesized and evaluated for antiviral activity. Among the compounds examined, 5-nitrocytidine was effective against poliovirus (PV) and coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) and exhibited greater activity than the clinically employed drug ribavirin. Instead of promoting viral mutagenesis, 5-nitrocytidine triphosphate inhibited PV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (Kd = 1.1 ± 0.1 μM), and this inhibition is sufficient to explain the observed antiviral activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery