4-Ipomeanol (4-IPO) is an investigational drug with specific toxicity toward the lung. The tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is a potent lung carcinogen in several laboratory animals. Both IPO and NNK are toxic upon metabolic activation by cytochrome P450 enzyme(s) present in Clara cells of the lung. IPO and NNK are similar in structure and thus non-toxic analog of IPO could be competitive inhibitors of NNK metabolism in lung. 4-Hydroxy-1-phenyl-1-pentanone (HPP), a non-toxic analog of IPO is a potent inhibitor of metabolic activation and tumorigenicity in A/J mouse lung. To extend these studies, we have synthesized 12 analogs of HPP, altering the terminal alkyl group in 6 of them. In another 2 analogs we have substituted electron-donating or electron-withdrawing groups in the benzene ring. Finally, we have altered the oxidation states of 1 and/or 4 position of HPP in the remaining 4 analogs. We have already examined the effect of in vitro inhibition of NNK metabolism by these 12 IPO analogs. In the present study, we have examined 4 IPO analogs that are potent inhibitors of in vitro NNK metabolism namely; 4-hydroxy-1-phenyl-1-octanone (4-HPO), 1,4-diphenyl-4-hydroxy-1-butanone (DPHB), 4-hydroxy-1-phenylpentane (HPPentane), and amyl benzene and tested their inhibitory effects toward the NNK-induced lung tumorigenicity in A/J mice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research