Synthesis and characterization of ionically conducting alkoxy ether/alkoxy mixed-substituent poly(organophosphazenes) and their use as solid solvents for ionic conduction

Harry R. Allcock, Mark E. Napierala, Charles G. Cameron, Stephen J.M. O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of mixed-substituent poly(organophosphazenes) with the general structure {NP[OCH2CH2OCH2CH2OCH 3]x[O(CH2)yCH3] 2-x}n, where x = 1 and y = 2-9 was synthesized. These polymers are candidates for use as solid polymeric, ionic conduction media. The polymers were characterized by 1H, 13C, and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, elemental microanalysis, infrared spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry. The polymers were complexed with LiSO3CF3 and ambient temperature (25°C) ionic conductivity studies were performed with the use of complex impedance analysis. The effect of changes in the length of the alkyl component of the alkoxy groups on conductivity was examined. A maximum conductivity as a function of the concentration of lithium triflate was found for each system. The conductivity decreased with an increase in the alkyl group side-chain length. These polymers were compared to the polyphosphazene single-substituent polymer [NP(OCH2CH2OCH2CH2OCH 3)2]n, as well as to the n-alkyloxy single-substituent polymers {NP[O(CH2)xCH3]2}n, where x = 2-9.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1951-1956
Number of pages6
JournalMacromolecules
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 11 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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