Synthesis and characterization of ordered mesoporous metal oxide-carbon nanocomposites and their applications in supercapacitors

Mikhail L. Gordin, Zhongxue Chen, Terrence Xu, Donghai Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

High surface area conductive carbon materials with tailored pore structures and porosity are highly desirable for many applications such as fuel cells, electrochemical energy storage in supercapacitors, electrochemical sensing, and catalysis. Many such materials, including activated carbon and multi- and single-walled carbon nanotubes, have been explored for supercapacitors. A higher capacitance can be achieved by surface modification of the carbon materials with redox active materials such as transition metal oxides. Mesoporous carbon/metal oxide composites - composed of a mesoporous carbon framework whose pore walls are lined with metal oxide nanoparticles - are a promising candidate for supercapacitor applications. Most methods of synthesizing such materials are two steps procedures, like coating metal oxide on pre-formed carbon materials. Our group has been working on a one-step process for synthesizing a mesoporous carbon/metal oxide nanocomposite by combining condensation of metal oxide with carbonization of carbon precursors. Here we present a one-step synthesis for ordered mesoporous metal oxide-carbon nanocomposites with uniform mesopore structures. These were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 sorption, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and other techniques. Electrochemical double layer capacitance has been measured in the nanocomposites and compared with pure carbon and metal oxide materials to illustrate their synergetic capacitance improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
StatePublished - Aug 25 2011
Event241st ACS National Meeting and Exposition - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Mar 27 2011Mar 31 2011

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Oxides
Nanocomposites
Carbon
Metals
Capacitance
Supercapacitor
Metal coatings
Carbonization
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
Pore structure
Activated carbon
Energy storage
Catalysis
Transition metals
Surface treatment
Sorption
Fuel cells
Condensation
Electron microscopes
Porosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "High surface area conductive carbon materials with tailored pore structures and porosity are highly desirable for many applications such as fuel cells, electrochemical energy storage in supercapacitors, electrochemical sensing, and catalysis. Many such materials, including activated carbon and multi- and single-walled carbon nanotubes, have been explored for supercapacitors. A higher capacitance can be achieved by surface modification of the carbon materials with redox active materials such as transition metal oxides. Mesoporous carbon/metal oxide composites - composed of a mesoporous carbon framework whose pore walls are lined with metal oxide nanoparticles - are a promising candidate for supercapacitor applications. Most methods of synthesizing such materials are two steps procedures, like coating metal oxide on pre-formed carbon materials. Our group has been working on a one-step process for synthesizing a mesoporous carbon/metal oxide nanocomposite by combining condensation of metal oxide with carbonization of carbon precursors. Here we present a one-step synthesis for ordered mesoporous metal oxide-carbon nanocomposites with uniform mesopore structures. These were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 sorption, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and other techniques. Electrochemical double layer capacitance has been measured in the nanocomposites and compared with pure carbon and metal oxide materials to illustrate their synergetic capacitance improvement.",
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Synthesis and characterization of ordered mesoporous metal oxide-carbon nanocomposites and their applications in supercapacitors. / Gordin, Mikhail L.; Chen, Zhongxue; Xu, Terrence; Wang, Donghai.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 25.08.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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