Synthesis and characterization of pure nanocrystalline magnesium aluminate spinel powder

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Abstract

Synthesis of nanocrystalline magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) by mechanical activation of a powder mixture containing Al2O3 and MgCO3 with subsequent annealing was investigated. Simultaneous thermal analysis (STA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were utilized to characterize the as-milled and annealed samples. Results showed that pure nanocrystalline spinel could be fabricated completely by 5 h of mechanical activation with subsequent annealing at 1200 °C for 1 h with a crystallite size of about 45 nm. Further milling had no significant effects on structure or phase composition of spinel phase after subsequent annealing. The nanocrystalline spinel powder obtained after 60 h of milling and subsequent annealing at 1200 °C for 1 h had a crystallite size of about 25 nm according to Williamson-Hall approach and particle sizes smaller than 200 nm. Enhanced mechanical properties were observed in samples prepared from the powder mixture and milled for a longer period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-604
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume489
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2010

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Powders
Magnesium
Annealing
Crystallite size
Chemical activation
Nanocrystalline powders
Phase composition
Thermoanalysis
Particle size
X ray diffraction
Mechanical properties
Scanning electron microscopy
spinell
aluminum magnesium oxide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Synthesis of nanocrystalline magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) by mechanical activation of a powder mixture containing Al2O3 and MgCO3 with subsequent annealing was investigated. Simultaneous thermal analysis (STA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were utilized to characterize the as-milled and annealed samples. Results showed that pure nanocrystalline spinel could be fabricated completely by 5 h of mechanical activation with subsequent annealing at 1200 °C for 1 h with a crystallite size of about 45 nm. Further milling had no significant effects on structure or phase composition of spinel phase after subsequent annealing. The nanocrystalline spinel powder obtained after 60 h of milling and subsequent annealing at 1200 °C for 1 h had a crystallite size of about 25 nm according to Williamson-Hall approach and particle sizes smaller than 200 nm. Enhanced mechanical properties were observed in samples prepared from the powder mixture and milled for a longer period.",
author = "Fariborz Tavangarian and R. Emadi",
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Synthesis and characterization of pure nanocrystalline magnesium aluminate spinel powder. / Tavangarian, Fariborz; Emadi, R.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 489, No. 2, 21.01.2010, p. 600-604.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Tavangarian, Fariborz

AU - Emadi, R.

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