Synthesis and characterization of TiBCN coatings deposited by ion beam assisted, co-evaporation electron beam-physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD)

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Abstract

TiC, TiB2, and super hard TiBCN coatings were successfully deposited by ion beam assisted, electron beam-physical vapor deposition. Titanium, titanium diboride, and carbon (through tungsten) were co-evaporated by energetic electron beams while simultaneously bombarding the substrates with varying ionized gas ratios of nitrogen and argon to obtain super hard TiBCN coatings. The hardness of the TiBCN coating was reported to be equivalent to a soft diamond like carbon film. The adhesion was determined to be greater than 50 N. The hardness, grain size, structure, morphology, crystallographic texture and degree of stress within the coatings were determined using a variety of characterization methods including Vicker's hardness measurements, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction. The author is not aware of previous TiBCN coatings being deposited by this method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3777-3787
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume37
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2002

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Physical vapor deposition
Ion beams
Electron beams
Hard coatings
Evaporation
Coatings
Titanium
Hardness
Diamond like carbon films
Tungsten
Argon
Vickers hardness
Electron probe microanalysis
Optical microscopy
Nitrogen
Carbon
Adhesion
Textures
Gases
X ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis and characterization of TiBCN coatings deposited by ion beam assisted, co-evaporation electron beam-physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD)",
abstract = "TiC, TiB2, and super hard TiBCN coatings were successfully deposited by ion beam assisted, electron beam-physical vapor deposition. Titanium, titanium diboride, and carbon (through tungsten) were co-evaporated by energetic electron beams while simultaneously bombarding the substrates with varying ionized gas ratios of nitrogen and argon to obtain super hard TiBCN coatings. The hardness of the TiBCN coating was reported to be equivalent to a soft diamond like carbon film. The adhesion was determined to be greater than 50 N. The hardness, grain size, structure, morphology, crystallographic texture and degree of stress within the coatings were determined using a variety of characterization methods including Vicker's hardness measurements, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction. The author is not aware of previous TiBCN coatings being deposited by this method.",
author = "Wolfe, {Douglas Edward} and Jogender Singh",
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language = "English (US)",
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publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
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AU - Wolfe, Douglas Edward

AU - Singh, Jogender

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N2 - TiC, TiB2, and super hard TiBCN coatings were successfully deposited by ion beam assisted, electron beam-physical vapor deposition. Titanium, titanium diboride, and carbon (through tungsten) were co-evaporated by energetic electron beams while simultaneously bombarding the substrates with varying ionized gas ratios of nitrogen and argon to obtain super hard TiBCN coatings. The hardness of the TiBCN coating was reported to be equivalent to a soft diamond like carbon film. The adhesion was determined to be greater than 50 N. The hardness, grain size, structure, morphology, crystallographic texture and degree of stress within the coatings were determined using a variety of characterization methods including Vicker's hardness measurements, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction. The author is not aware of previous TiBCN coatings being deposited by this method.

AB - TiC, TiB2, and super hard TiBCN coatings were successfully deposited by ion beam assisted, electron beam-physical vapor deposition. Titanium, titanium diboride, and carbon (through tungsten) were co-evaporated by energetic electron beams while simultaneously bombarding the substrates with varying ionized gas ratios of nitrogen and argon to obtain super hard TiBCN coatings. The hardness of the TiBCN coating was reported to be equivalent to a soft diamond like carbon film. The adhesion was determined to be greater than 50 N. The hardness, grain size, structure, morphology, crystallographic texture and degree of stress within the coatings were determined using a variety of characterization methods including Vicker's hardness measurements, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction. The author is not aware of previous TiBCN coatings being deposited by this method.

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