1,4-Phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate (p-XSC) inhibits chemically induced tumors in several laboratory animal models. To understand its mode of action, we synthesized p-[14C]XSC, examined its excretion pattern in female CD rats and also the nature of its metabolites. p-[14C]XSC was synthesized from α,α-dibromo-p-[ring-14C]xylene in 80% yield. The excretion profile of p-[14C]XSC (15.8 mg/kg body wt, 200 μCi/rat, oral administration, in 1 ml corn oil) in vivo was monitored by measuring radioactivity and selenium content. On the basis of radioactivity, ~20% of the dose was excreted in the urine and 68% in the feces over 3 days. The cumulative percentages of the dose excreted over 7 days were 24% in urine and 75% in feces, similar to excretion rates of selenium. According to selenium measurement, < 1% of the dose was detected in exhaled air; radioactivity was not detected. Only 15% of the dose was extractable from the feces with EtOAc and was identified as tetraselenocyclophane (TSC). Most of the radioactivity remained tightly bound to the feces. Approximately 10% of this bound material converted to TSC on reduction with NaBH4. Organic soluble metabolites in urine did not exceed 2% of the dose; sulfate (9% of urinary metabolites) and glucuronic acid (19.5% of urinary metabolites) conjugates were observed but their structural identification is still underway. Co-chromatography with a synthetic standard led to the detection of terephthalic acid (1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid) as a minor metabolite. The major urinary conjugates contained selenium. Despite the low levels of selenium in the exhaled air, the reductive metabolism of p-XSC to H2Se cannot be ruled out. Identification of TSC in vivo indicates that a selenol may be a key intermediate responsible for the chemopreventive action of p-XSC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research