Synthesis and modeling of hollow intermetallic Ni-Zn nanoparticles formed by the Kirkendall effect

Subhra Jana, Ji Woong Chang, Robert M. Rioux

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intermetallic Ni-Zn nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized via the chemical conversion of nickel NPs using a zerovalent organometallic zinc precursor. After the injection of a diethylzinc solution, Ni NPs progressively transformed from a solid to a hollow Ni-Zn intermetallic structure with time. During the transformation of Ni NPs to intermetallic structures, they retained their overall spherical morphology. The growth mechanism for the solid-to-hollow nanoparticle transformation is ascribed to the nanoscale Kirkendall effect due to unequal diffusion rates of Ni and Zn. We develop a diffusion model for nonreactive, homogeneous, diffusion-controlled intermetallic hollow NP formation including moving boundaries at the interfaces of void-solid and solid-bulk solutions. Apparent diffusion coefficients for both metals and vacancy were evaluated from modeling the time-dependent growth of the void. The apparent diffusion coefficients obtained in this system compared favorably with results from measurement at grain boundaries in bulk Ni-Zn. This study represents the first combined experimental modeling of the formation of hollow nanostructures by the nanoscale Kirkendall effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3618-3625
Number of pages8
JournalNano letters
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 14 2013

Fingerprint

Kirkendall effect
Intermetallics
intermetallics
hollow
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
synthesis
voids
diffusion coefficient
Organometallics
Nickel
Vacancies
Zinc
Nanostructures
Grain boundaries
grain boundaries
zinc
Metals
nickel
injection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Intermetallic Ni-Zn nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized via the chemical conversion of nickel NPs using a zerovalent organometallic zinc precursor. After the injection of a diethylzinc solution, Ni NPs progressively transformed from a solid to a hollow Ni-Zn intermetallic structure with time. During the transformation of Ni NPs to intermetallic structures, they retained their overall spherical morphology. The growth mechanism for the solid-to-hollow nanoparticle transformation is ascribed to the nanoscale Kirkendall effect due to unequal diffusion rates of Ni and Zn. We develop a diffusion model for nonreactive, homogeneous, diffusion-controlled intermetallic hollow NP formation including moving boundaries at the interfaces of void-solid and solid-bulk solutions. Apparent diffusion coefficients for both metals and vacancy were evaluated from modeling the time-dependent growth of the void. The apparent diffusion coefficients obtained in this system compared favorably with results from measurement at grain boundaries in bulk Ni-Zn. This study represents the first combined experimental modeling of the formation of hollow nanostructures by the nanoscale Kirkendall effect.",
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Synthesis and modeling of hollow intermetallic Ni-Zn nanoparticles formed by the Kirkendall effect. / Jana, Subhra; Chang, Ji Woong; Rioux, Robert M.

In: Nano letters, Vol. 13, No. 8, 14.08.2013, p. 3618-3625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Jana, Subhra

AU - Chang, Ji Woong

AU - Rioux, Robert M.

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N2 - Intermetallic Ni-Zn nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized via the chemical conversion of nickel NPs using a zerovalent organometallic zinc precursor. After the injection of a diethylzinc solution, Ni NPs progressively transformed from a solid to a hollow Ni-Zn intermetallic structure with time. During the transformation of Ni NPs to intermetallic structures, they retained their overall spherical morphology. The growth mechanism for the solid-to-hollow nanoparticle transformation is ascribed to the nanoscale Kirkendall effect due to unequal diffusion rates of Ni and Zn. We develop a diffusion model for nonreactive, homogeneous, diffusion-controlled intermetallic hollow NP formation including moving boundaries at the interfaces of void-solid and solid-bulk solutions. Apparent diffusion coefficients for both metals and vacancy were evaluated from modeling the time-dependent growth of the void. The apparent diffusion coefficients obtained in this system compared favorably with results from measurement at grain boundaries in bulk Ni-Zn. This study represents the first combined experimental modeling of the formation of hollow nanostructures by the nanoscale Kirkendall effect.

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