Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24

Michael Guerette, Matthew D. Ward, Konstantin A. Lokshin, Anthony T. Wong, Haidong Zhang, Stevce Stefanoski, Oleksandr Kurakevych, Yann Le Godec, Stephen J. Juhl, Nasim Alem, Yingwei Fei, Timothy A. Strobel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Na4Si24 is the precursor to Si24, a recently discovered allotrope of silicon. With a quasidirect band gap near 1.3 eV, Si24 has potential to transform silicon-based optoelectronics including solar energy conversion. However, the lack of large, pure crystals has prevented the characterization of intrinsic properties and has delayed deposition-based metastable growth efforts. Here, we report an optimized synthesis methodology for single-crystalline Na4Si24 with crystals approaching the millimeter-size scale with conditions near 9 GPa and 1123 K. Single-crystal diffraction was used to confirm the open-framework structure, and Na atoms remain highly mobile within the framework channels, as determined by electrical conductivity and electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. An epitaxial relationship between Na4Si24 and diamond cubic silicon (DC-Si), observed through high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, is proposed to facilitate the growth of high-quality Na4Si24 crystals from DC-Si wafers mixed with metallic Na and could provide a viable path forward for scaling efforts of Na4Si24 and Si24.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7410-7418
Number of pages9
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 2018

Fingerprint

Silicon
Diamond
Crystalline materials
Crystals
Diamonds
silicon
synthesis
Electron energy loss spectroscopy
diamonds
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
crystals
Silicon wafers
Energy conversion
solar energy conversion
Optoelectronic devices
Solar energy
Energy gap
Diffraction
Single crystals
Atoms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Guerette, M., Ward, M. D., Lokshin, K. A., Wong, A. T., Zhang, H., Stefanoski, S., ... Strobel, T. A. (2018). Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24 Crystal Growth and Design, 18(12), 7410-7418. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.8b01099
Guerette, Michael ; Ward, Matthew D. ; Lokshin, Konstantin A. ; Wong, Anthony T. ; Zhang, Haidong ; Stefanoski, Stevce ; Kurakevych, Oleksandr ; Le Godec, Yann ; Juhl, Stephen J. ; Alem, Nasim ; Fei, Yingwei ; Strobel, Timothy A. / Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24 In: Crystal Growth and Design. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 12. pp. 7410-7418.
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Guerette, M, Ward, MD, Lokshin, KA, Wong, AT, Zhang, H, Stefanoski, S, Kurakevych, O, Le Godec, Y, Juhl, SJ, Alem, N, Fei, Y & Strobel, TA 2018, 'Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24 ', Crystal Growth and Design, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 7410-7418. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.8b01099

Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24 . / Guerette, Michael; Ward, Matthew D.; Lokshin, Konstantin A.; Wong, Anthony T.; Zhang, Haidong; Stefanoski, Stevce; Kurakevych, Oleksandr; Le Godec, Yann; Juhl, Stephen J.; Alem, Nasim; Fei, Yingwei; Strobel, Timothy A.

In: Crystal Growth and Design, Vol. 18, No. 12, 05.12.2018, p. 7410-7418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24

AU - Guerette, Michael

AU - Ward, Matthew D.

AU - Lokshin, Konstantin A.

AU - Wong, Anthony T.

AU - Zhang, Haidong

AU - Stefanoski, Stevce

AU - Kurakevych, Oleksandr

AU - Le Godec, Yann

AU - Juhl, Stephen J.

AU - Alem, Nasim

AU - Fei, Yingwei

AU - Strobel, Timothy A.

PY - 2018/12/5

Y1 - 2018/12/5

N2 - Na4Si24 is the precursor to Si24, a recently discovered allotrope of silicon. With a quasidirect band gap near 1.3 eV, Si24 has potential to transform silicon-based optoelectronics including solar energy conversion. However, the lack of large, pure crystals has prevented the characterization of intrinsic properties and has delayed deposition-based metastable growth efforts. Here, we report an optimized synthesis methodology for single-crystalline Na4Si24 with crystals approaching the millimeter-size scale with conditions near 9 GPa and 1123 K. Single-crystal diffraction was used to confirm the open-framework structure, and Na atoms remain highly mobile within the framework channels, as determined by electrical conductivity and electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. An epitaxial relationship between Na4Si24 and diamond cubic silicon (DC-Si), observed through high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, is proposed to facilitate the growth of high-quality Na4Si24 crystals from DC-Si wafers mixed with metallic Na and could provide a viable path forward for scaling efforts of Na4Si24 and Si24.

AB - Na4Si24 is the precursor to Si24, a recently discovered allotrope of silicon. With a quasidirect band gap near 1.3 eV, Si24 has potential to transform silicon-based optoelectronics including solar energy conversion. However, the lack of large, pure crystals has prevented the characterization of intrinsic properties and has delayed deposition-based metastable growth efforts. Here, we report an optimized synthesis methodology for single-crystalline Na4Si24 with crystals approaching the millimeter-size scale with conditions near 9 GPa and 1123 K. Single-crystal diffraction was used to confirm the open-framework structure, and Na atoms remain highly mobile within the framework channels, as determined by electrical conductivity and electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. An epitaxial relationship between Na4Si24 and diamond cubic silicon (DC-Si), observed through high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, is proposed to facilitate the growth of high-quality Na4Si24 crystals from DC-Si wafers mixed with metallic Na and could provide a viable path forward for scaling efforts of Na4Si24 and Si24.

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Guerette M, Ward MD, Lokshin KA, Wong AT, Zhang H, Stefanoski S et al. Synthesis and Properties of Single-Crystalline Na4Si24 Crystal Growth and Design. 2018 Dec 5;18(12):7410-7418. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.8b01099