Synthesis and wound healing of alternating block polyurethanes based on poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)

Linjing Li, Xiangyu Liu, Yuqing Niu, Jianfu Ye, Shuiwen Huang, Chao Liu, Kaitian Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alternating block polyurethanes (abbreviated as PULA-alt-PEG) and random block polyurethanes (abbreviated as PULA-ran-PEG) based on biodegradable poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) were prepared. Results showed that alternating block polyurethane gives higher crystal degree, higher mechanical properties, more patterned and rougher surface than the random counterpart, due to the regular and controlled structure. Water absorptions of the polyurethanes were in the range of 620 to 780%. Cytocompatibility of the amphiphilic block polyurethanes (PU) (water static angle 41.4°–61.8°) was assessed by CCK-8 assay using human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. Wound healing evaluation of the PU foam scaffolds was carried out by full-thickness SD rat model experiment, with medical gauze as control. It was found that the skin of rat in PU groups was fully covered with new epithelium without any significant adverse reactions and PU dressings give much rapid and better healing than medical gauze. Histological examination revealed that PU dressings suppress the infiltration of inflammatory cells and accelerate fibroblast proliferation. It was also demonstrated that PULA-alt-PEG exhibits obvious better healing effect than PULA-ran-PEG does. This study has demonstrated that without further modification, plain alternating block polyurethane scaffold would help wound recovery efficiently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1200-1209
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume105
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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