Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability of highly crystallized titania nanotubes

B. Poudel, W. Z. Wang, C. Dames, J. Y. Huang, S. Kunwar, D. Z. Wang, D. Banerjee, G. Chen, Z. F. Ren

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gram quantities of titania (TiO 2) nanotubes, with typical outside diameter about 9 nm, wall thickness about 2.5 nm, and length about 600 nm, were synthesized from anatase nano- and micro-powder using the hydrothermal method. The crystallization, structure, and phase stability of the nanotubes at high temperatures were systematically studied. A morphology change from nanotube to nanowire was observed at 650°C. The as-prepared nanotubes were usually contaminated with sodium impurities, other TiO 2-derived phases and were poorly crystallized, but under optimized synthesis conditions the impurity phases was completely removed, resulting in highly crystallized pure nanotubes. The volume filling fraction of the autoclave as well as the concentration of the acid treatment were found to be particularly important for controlling the purity and crystallinity of the resulting nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL1.8
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume836
StatePublished - Dec 19 2005
Event2004 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 29 2004Dec 2 2004

Fingerprint

Nanotubes
nanotubes
Thermodynamic stability
thermal stability
titanium
Titanium
synthesis
Powders
Impurities
impurities
autoclaves
Phase stability
Autoclaves
Crystallization
anatase
Titanium dioxide
Nanowires
titanium dioxide
crystallinity
purity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Poudel, B., Wang, W. Z., Dames, C., Huang, J. Y., Kunwar, S., Wang, D. Z., ... Ren, Z. F. (2005). Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability of highly crystallized titania nanotubes. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, 836, 23-28. [L1.8].
Poudel, B. ; Wang, W. Z. ; Dames, C. ; Huang, J. Y. ; Kunwar, S. ; Wang, D. Z. ; Banerjee, D. ; Chen, G. ; Ren, Z. F. / Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability of highly crystallized titania nanotubes. In: Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. 2005 ; Vol. 836. pp. 23-28.
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abstract = "Gram quantities of titania (TiO 2) nanotubes, with typical outside diameter about 9 nm, wall thickness about 2.5 nm, and length about 600 nm, were synthesized from anatase nano- and micro-powder using the hydrothermal method. The crystallization, structure, and phase stability of the nanotubes at high temperatures were systematically studied. A morphology change from nanotube to nanowire was observed at 650°C. The as-prepared nanotubes were usually contaminated with sodium impurities, other TiO 2-derived phases and were poorly crystallized, but under optimized synthesis conditions the impurity phases was completely removed, resulting in highly crystallized pure nanotubes. The volume filling fraction of the autoclave as well as the concentration of the acid treatment were found to be particularly important for controlling the purity and crystallinity of the resulting nanotubes.",
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Poudel, B, Wang, WZ, Dames, C, Huang, JY, Kunwar, S, Wang, DZ, Banerjee, D, Chen, G & Ren, ZF 2005, 'Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability of highly crystallized titania nanotubes', Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 836, L1.8, pp. 23-28.

Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability of highly crystallized titania nanotubes. / Poudel, B.; Wang, W. Z.; Dames, C.; Huang, J. Y.; Kunwar, S.; Wang, D. Z.; Banerjee, D.; Chen, G.; Ren, Z. F.

In: Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 836, L1.8, 19.12.2005, p. 23-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis, characterization and thermal stability of highly crystallized titania nanotubes

AU - Poudel, B.

AU - Wang, W. Z.

AU - Dames, C.

AU - Huang, J. Y.

AU - Kunwar, S.

AU - Wang, D. Z.

AU - Banerjee, D.

AU - Chen, G.

AU - Ren, Z. F.

PY - 2005/12/19

Y1 - 2005/12/19

N2 - Gram quantities of titania (TiO 2) nanotubes, with typical outside diameter about 9 nm, wall thickness about 2.5 nm, and length about 600 nm, were synthesized from anatase nano- and micro-powder using the hydrothermal method. The crystallization, structure, and phase stability of the nanotubes at high temperatures were systematically studied. A morphology change from nanotube to nanowire was observed at 650°C. The as-prepared nanotubes were usually contaminated with sodium impurities, other TiO 2-derived phases and were poorly crystallized, but under optimized synthesis conditions the impurity phases was completely removed, resulting in highly crystallized pure nanotubes. The volume filling fraction of the autoclave as well as the concentration of the acid treatment were found to be particularly important for controlling the purity and crystallinity of the resulting nanotubes.

AB - Gram quantities of titania (TiO 2) nanotubes, with typical outside diameter about 9 nm, wall thickness about 2.5 nm, and length about 600 nm, were synthesized from anatase nano- and micro-powder using the hydrothermal method. The crystallization, structure, and phase stability of the nanotubes at high temperatures were systematically studied. A morphology change from nanotube to nanowire was observed at 650°C. The as-prepared nanotubes were usually contaminated with sodium impurities, other TiO 2-derived phases and were poorly crystallized, but under optimized synthesis conditions the impurity phases was completely removed, resulting in highly crystallized pure nanotubes. The volume filling fraction of the autoclave as well as the concentration of the acid treatment were found to be particularly important for controlling the purity and crystallinity of the resulting nanotubes.

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