Because a great deal of attention has been focused on the metabolism of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), quantitative analysis of this compound is required. For this purpose we developed a method of chemical synthesis of [4-3H]EGCg. Synthesized [4-3H]EGCg showed 99.5% radiochemical purity and a specific activity of 13 Ci/mmol. To clarify the excretion route of EGCg, the radioactivity levels of bile and urine were quantified after intravenous administration of [4-3H]EGCg to bile-ductcannulated rats. Results showed that the radioactivity of the bile sample excreted within 48 h accounted for 77.0% of the dose, whereas only 2.0% of the dose was recovered in the urine. The excretion ratio of bile to urine was calculated to be about 97:3. These results clearly showed that bile was the major excretion route of EGCg. Time-course analysis of the radioactivity in blood was also performed to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters following intravenous administration of [4-3H]EGCg. In addition, EGCg metabolites excreted in the bile within 4 h after the intravenous dose of [4-3H]EGCg were analyzed by HPLC. The results showed that 4′,4′-di-O-methyl-EGCg was present in the conjugated form and made up about 14.7% of the administered radioactivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)