Synthesis of atomically ordered AuCu and AuCu3 nanocrystals from bimetallic nanoparticle precursors

Amandeep K. Sra, Raymond Edward Schaak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new multistep approach was developed to synthesize atomically ordered intermetallic nanocrystals, using AuCu and AuCu3 as model systems. Bimetallic nanoparticle aggregates are used as precursors to atomically ordered nanocrystals, both to precisely define the stoichiometry of the final product and to ensure that atomic-scale diffusion distances lower the reaction temperatures to prevent sintering. In a typical synthesis, PVP-stabilized Au-Cu nanoparticle aggregates synthesized by borohydride reduction are collected by centrifugation and annealed in powder form. At temperatures below 175 °C, diffusion of Cu into Au occurs, and the atomically disordered solid solution CuxAu1-x exists. For AuCu, nucleation occurs by 200 °C, and atomically ordered AuCu exists between 200 and 400 °C. For AuCu3, an AuCu intermediate nucleates at 200 °C, and further diffusion of Cu into the AuCu intermediate at 300 °C nucleates AuCu 3. Atomically ordered AuCu and AuCu3 nanocrystals can be redispersed as discrete colloids in solution after annealing between 200 and 300 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6667-6672
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume126
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2004

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Nanoparticles
Nanocrystals
Borohydrides
Centrifugation
Colloids
Stoichiometry
Powders
Intermetallics
Solid solutions
Nucleation
Sintering
Temperature
Annealing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "A new multistep approach was developed to synthesize atomically ordered intermetallic nanocrystals, using AuCu and AuCu3 as model systems. Bimetallic nanoparticle aggregates are used as precursors to atomically ordered nanocrystals, both to precisely define the stoichiometry of the final product and to ensure that atomic-scale diffusion distances lower the reaction temperatures to prevent sintering. In a typical synthesis, PVP-stabilized Au-Cu nanoparticle aggregates synthesized by borohydride reduction are collected by centrifugation and annealed in powder form. At temperatures below 175 °C, diffusion of Cu into Au occurs, and the atomically disordered solid solution CuxAu1-x exists. For AuCu, nucleation occurs by 200 °C, and atomically ordered AuCu exists between 200 and 400 °C. For AuCu3, an AuCu intermediate nucleates at 200 °C, and further diffusion of Cu into the AuCu intermediate at 300 °C nucleates AuCu 3. Atomically ordered AuCu and AuCu3 nanocrystals can be redispersed as discrete colloids in solution after annealing between 200 and 300 °C.",
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Synthesis of atomically ordered AuCu and AuCu3 nanocrystals from bimetallic nanoparticle precursors. / Sra, Amandeep K.; Schaak, Raymond Edward.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, No. 21, 02.06.2004, p. 6667-6672.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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