Synthesis of Citrate-Coated Penta-twinned Palladium Nanorods and Ultrathin Nanowires with a Tunable Aspect Ratio

Valentina Mastronardi, Gayatri Udayan, Giulia Cibecchini, Rosaria Brescia, Kristen A. Fichthorn, Pier Paolo Pompa, Mauro Moglianetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Green and scalable methodologies for the preparation of metal nanoparticles with fine control of shape and size are of high interest in many areas including catalysis, nanomedicine, and nanodiagnostics. In this contribution, we describe a new synthetic method for the production of palladium (Pd) penta-twinned nanowires and nanorods utilizing sodium citrate, formic acid, ascorbic acid, and potassium bromide (KBr) in water, without the use of surfactants or polymers. The synthesis is green, fast, and without the need of complex setups. Interestingly, a microwave-assisted scale-up process has been developed. The combination of a synthetic protocol for seeds and the seed-mediated growth process allows us to synthesize nanorods and nanowires by modulating the concentration of KBr. The synthesized nanomaterials have been physicochemically characterized. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy shows that the nanorods and nanowires have a penta-twinned structure enclosed by {100} lateral facets. Moreover, the absence of sticky molecules or toxic byproducts guarantees the biocompatibility of the nanomaterials, while leaving the surface clean to perform enzymatic activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49935-49944
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume12
Issue number44
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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