Synthesis of clay minerals

M. Jaber, S. Komarneni, C. H. Zhou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

17 Scopus citations


Many useful clay minerals are not available in sufficient quantities in nature. Actually, two major problems are encountered in the uses of clay minerals, (i) the depletion of the natural deposits, especially those with easy access for mining and (ii) the occurrence as mixtures of several phases. To overcome these problems, laboratory syntheses of clay minerals recently attracted particular interest of scientists in the fields of material science, geology, chemistry, and geochemistry. This chapter provides a comprehensive survey on the synthesis of different clay minerals such as kaolinites, montmorillonites, beidellites, hectorites (Laponite) including the direct synthesis of organohectorites, saponites, and chlorites. Also reported is the technique to hydrothermally synthesize clay minerals with direct incorporation of diverse organic groups. A recent development is the one-step synthesis of layered inorganic-organic materials resembling the parent talc structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clay Science Fundamentals
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9780080982588
StatePublished - 2013

Publication series

NameDevelopments in Clay Science
ISSN (Print)1572-4352

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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