Synthesis of forms: Integrating practical and reflective qalities in design

Maliheh Ghajargar, Jefrey Bardzell

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthesis, or the integration of hitherto separated elements, is a prominent concept in theories of design processes. Synthesis often happens when there is a need to make a decision, though it is often the result of a combination of diferent alternatives, instead of deciding in favor of one and eliminating another. In many design studies, synthesis has been investigated in the contexts of everyday design-bicycle frames, sewing machines, commercial architecture. We were interested in how it might apply in contexts of refective design, whose pragmatics often depend on diferent interrelationships between users and technological products. In this paper, we argue that designing everyday use objects for refection requires a synthesis of two apparently opposite forms: conventionally practical forms, since they are everyday use objects, and evocative forms, since they make users think. We provide two examples of everyday objects for refection that we believe synthesize both conventionally practical and evocative forms, analyzing the design processes that led to these forms, and discussing how these refective designs embody diferent forms of synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCHI 2021 - Proceedings of the 2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Subtitle of host publicationMaking Waves, Combining Strengths
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450380966
DOIs
StatePublished - May 6 2021
Event2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Making Waves, Combining Strengths, CHI 2021 - Virtual, Online, Japan
Duration: May 8 2021May 13 2021

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Making Waves, Combining Strengths, CHI 2021
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityVirtual, Online
Period5/8/215/13/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Software

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