Synthesis of Glass‐like Cordierite from Metal Alkoxides and Characterization by 27Al and 29Si MASNMR

Ulagaraj Selvaraj, Sridhar Komarneni, Rustum Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A sol‐gel process for the preparation of glass‐like cordierite and ceramic oxide powder is described. Metal alkoxide precursors were dissolved in 2‐methoxyethanol and the metal cations were complexed using 2,4‐pentanedione to overcome different hydrolysis rates of metal alkoxides which lead to microscopic inhomogeneities during gelation. Heating the gel in an aerated furnace resulted in ultrafine cordierite powder of stoichiometric composition at a relatively low temperature. Cordierite gel and glass were also prepared by other methods and compared with the above gel. The environments of aluminum and silicon in the glass and gels heated at various temperatures were studied using 27Al and 29Si magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MASNMR) spectroscopy. Most of the heated gels and the glass showed resonances due to pentacoordinated aluminum along with 4‐ and 6‐coordinated aluminum. The homogeneities of the resulting gels and glass are compared using the MASNMR data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3663-3669
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

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Magic angle spinning
Gels
Metals
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Aluminum
Glass
Powders
Silicon
Gelation
Oxides
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
cordierite
Cations
Hydrolysis
Furnaces
Positive ions
Heating
Temperature
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "A sol‐gel process for the preparation of glass‐like cordierite and ceramic oxide powder is described. Metal alkoxide precursors were dissolved in 2‐methoxyethanol and the metal cations were complexed using 2,4‐pentanedione to overcome different hydrolysis rates of metal alkoxides which lead to microscopic inhomogeneities during gelation. Heating the gel in an aerated furnace resulted in ultrafine cordierite powder of stoichiometric composition at a relatively low temperature. Cordierite gel and glass were also prepared by other methods and compared with the above gel. The environments of aluminum and silicon in the glass and gels heated at various temperatures were studied using 27Al and 29Si magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MASNMR) spectroscopy. Most of the heated gels and the glass showed resonances due to pentacoordinated aluminum along with 4‐ and 6‐coordinated aluminum. The homogeneities of the resulting gels and glass are compared using the MASNMR data.",
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Synthesis of Glass‐like Cordierite from Metal Alkoxides and Characterization by 27Al and 29Si MASNMR. / Selvaraj, Ulagaraj; Komarneni, Sridhar; Roy, Rustum.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 73, No. 12, 1990, p. 3663-3669.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Roy, Rustum

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