Methyl- and phenyl-substituted N-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hex-5-enes 6 were reacted with NBS in wet DMSO to afford bromohydrins. Mixtures of unrearranged 6-exo-bromo-5-endohydroxy-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hexanes 7a,b and rearranged 5-anti-bromo-6-anti-hydroxy-2-azabicyclo-[2.1.1]hexanes 8a,b were formed stereoselectively from the parent alkene 6a and 4-methyl alkene 6b. The 5-methyl alkene 6c affords only unrearranged bromohydrin 7c and dibromohydrin 9. By contrast, solely rearranged 3-endo-substituted-2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexane bromohydrins 8d-f result from additions to 3-endo-methyl alkene 6d, 3-endo-4-dimethyl alkene 6e, and 3-endo-phenyl alkene 6f. As an alternative route to bromohydrins, the parent 5,6-exo-epoxide 10a and 5-endo-methyl-5,6-exo-epoxide 10b were ring opened with bromine/triphenylphosphine to afford unrearranged 5-endo-bromo-6-exo-hydroxy-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hexanes 11a,b, while the 3-endo-methyl epoxide 10c afforded solely the rearranged 5-anti-bromo-6-anti-hydroxy-3-exo-methyl-2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexane isomer 8g. Tributyltin hydride reduction of bromohydrins 7a,b and 11a afforded novel 2-azabicyclo-[2.2.0]hexan-5-ols 13a,b and -6-ol 14, and bromohydrins 8a,b, 8d-g afforded new 2-azabicyclo-[2.1.1]-hexan-5-ols 15a,b and 15d-g.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry