Synthesis of ZnS whiskers

Theresa A. Guiton, Carlo G. Pantano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One approach to improving the mechanical performance of a materials is to form a self-similar whisker reinforced composite. This is the approach we are developing for ZnS optical windows; however, it has necessitated the development of synthesis methods for ZnS whiskers. Recently, we reported an organometallic route to ZnS whiskers [1,2]. Here we report yet another synthesis route. This non-organic route involves the surface reaction of metallic zinc foil or wire in a flowing atmosphere of H2S (Tmax=350°C). The ZnS whiskers created at the zinc surface were characterized using SEM, TEM, SIMS and X-ray diffraction. After an 8 h 350°C thernal treatment, the whiskers were ZnS averaging 19.2 μm in length, aspect ratio 27. The whiskers are single crystal in nature, and appear to evolve through an oxide layer at the surface of the zinc substrate. Thermochemical analysis of the reaction was performed to establish the relative stability of ZnS and various oxide and sulfates, and these confirmed the experimental data. These calculations describe the effects of temperature and gas phase composition upon the thermochemical stability of ZnS and other solid phase reaction products. The calculations are exceedingly useful for determining and controlling the process parameters and for the evaluation of the experimentally observed products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-513
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume32-33
Issue numberPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

Fingerprint

Zinc
zinc
routes
Oxides
synthesis
Crystal whiskers
oxides
Surface reactions
Organometallics
Secondary ion mass spectrometry
Reaction products
Phase composition
reaction products
surface reactions
Metal foil
secondary ion mass spectrometry
Sulfates
solid phases
aspect ratio
Aspect ratio

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Guiton, T. A., & Pantano, C. G. (1989). Synthesis of ZnS whiskers. Solid State Ionics, 32-33(PART 1), 506-513. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-2738(89)90262-2
Guiton, Theresa A. ; Pantano, Carlo G. / Synthesis of ZnS whiskers. In: Solid State Ionics. 1989 ; Vol. 32-33, No. PART 1. pp. 506-513.
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Guiton, TA & Pantano, CG 1989, 'Synthesis of ZnS whiskers', Solid State Ionics, vol. 32-33, no. PART 1, pp. 506-513. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-2738(89)90262-2

Synthesis of ZnS whiskers. / Guiton, Theresa A.; Pantano, Carlo G.

In: Solid State Ionics, Vol. 32-33, No. PART 1, 01.01.1989, p. 506-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Guiton TA, Pantano CG. Synthesis of ZnS whiskers. Solid State Ionics. 1989 Jan 1;32-33(PART 1):506-513. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-2738(89)90262-2