Control of both active and reactive power in voltage source converter (VSC)-based high-voltage direct current (HVDC) links could be very effective for system stability improvement. The challenge, however, is to properly allocate the overall control duty among the available control variables in order to minimise the total control effort and hence allow use of less expensive converters (actuators). Here relative gain array and residue analysis are used to identify the most appropriate control loops avoiding possible interactions. Optimal allocation of the secondary control duty between the two ends of the VSC HVDC link is demonstrated. Active and reactive power modulation at the rectifier end, in a certain proportion, turns out to be most effective. Two scenarios, with normal and heavy loading conditions, are considered to justify the generality of the conclusions. Subspace-based multi-input-multi-output system identification is used to estimate and validate linearised state-space models through pseudo random binary sequence probing. Linear analysis is substantiated with non-linear simulations in DIgSILENT PowerFactory with detailed representation of HVDC links.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering