Systematic phenomenological study of the cos 2 asymmetry in unpolarized semi-inclusive DIS

Vincenzo Barone, Alexei Prokudin, Bo Qiang Ma

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54 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study the cos 2 azimuthal asymmetry in unpolarized semi-inclusive DIS, taking into account both the perturbative contribution (gluon emission and splitting) and the nonperturbative effects arising from intrinsic transverse motion and transverse spin of quarks. In particular we explore the possibility to extract from cos 2 some information about the Boer-Mulders function h1, which represents a transverse-polarization asymmetry of quarks inside an unpolarized hadron. Predictions are presented for the HERMES, COMPASS and JLab kinematics, where cos 2 is dominated by the kinematical higher-twist contribution, and turns to be of order of a few percent. We show that under reasonable assumptions a larger asymmetry in π- production, compared to π+ production, would represent a signature of the Boer-Mulders effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045022
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume78
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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