Systematic review of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts

Harnoor Singh, David E. Conroy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Injury is a pervasive, expensive and, to some extent, preventable problem. Stress is a psychological risk factor for injury but little is known about how stress processes compare in athletic and occupational contexts. This paper reviews research on stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts to characterize and compare samples, methods, and conclusions from the perspective of an integrated model of stress-related injury vulnerability. A comprehensive search of four major databases identified research in both athletic (n = 34) and occupational contexts (n = 22). Studies were coded to extract characteristics of the samples, research designs, measures, and conclusions about stress-injury relations. Studies used more prospective than cross-sectional or case control research designs. Injury was most frequently defined as missing one subsequent day of training or work (35.7%). Approximately 75% of the identified studies in each context indicated a positive association between stress and injury occurrence. The consistency of findings suggested a robust stress-related injury vulnerability for both exposures and responses, however, caution is warranted due to the diversity of measures and surveillance periods and the lack of experimental designs. New hypotheses are identified to refine models of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume33
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Sports
Wounds and Injuries
Research Design
Research
Databases
Psychology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

@article{e8237bacf69a4516b7ffbb1141474486,
title = "Systematic review of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts",
abstract = "Injury is a pervasive, expensive and, to some extent, preventable problem. Stress is a psychological risk factor for injury but little is known about how stress processes compare in athletic and occupational contexts. This paper reviews research on stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts to characterize and compare samples, methods, and conclusions from the perspective of an integrated model of stress-related injury vulnerability. A comprehensive search of four major databases identified research in both athletic (n = 34) and occupational contexts (n = 22). Studies were coded to extract characteristics of the samples, research designs, measures, and conclusions about stress-injury relations. Studies used more prospective than cross-sectional or case control research designs. Injury was most frequently defined as missing one subsequent day of training or work (35.7{\%}). Approximately 75{\%} of the identified studies in each context indicated a positive association between stress and injury occurrence. The consistency of findings suggested a robust stress-related injury vulnerability for both exposures and responses, however, caution is warranted due to the diversity of measures and surveillance periods and the lack of experimental designs. New hypotheses are identified to refine models of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts.",
author = "Harnoor Singh and Conroy, {David E.}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.08.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "37--44",
journal = "Psychology of Sport and Exercise",
issn = "1469-0292",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Systematic review of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts. / Singh, Harnoor; Conroy, David E.

In: Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Vol. 33, 01.11.2017, p. 37-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Systematic review of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts

AU - Singh, Harnoor

AU - Conroy, David E.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - Injury is a pervasive, expensive and, to some extent, preventable problem. Stress is a psychological risk factor for injury but little is known about how stress processes compare in athletic and occupational contexts. This paper reviews research on stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts to characterize and compare samples, methods, and conclusions from the perspective of an integrated model of stress-related injury vulnerability. A comprehensive search of four major databases identified research in both athletic (n = 34) and occupational contexts (n = 22). Studies were coded to extract characteristics of the samples, research designs, measures, and conclusions about stress-injury relations. Studies used more prospective than cross-sectional or case control research designs. Injury was most frequently defined as missing one subsequent day of training or work (35.7%). Approximately 75% of the identified studies in each context indicated a positive association between stress and injury occurrence. The consistency of findings suggested a robust stress-related injury vulnerability for both exposures and responses, however, caution is warranted due to the diversity of measures and surveillance periods and the lack of experimental designs. New hypotheses are identified to refine models of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts.

AB - Injury is a pervasive, expensive and, to some extent, preventable problem. Stress is a psychological risk factor for injury but little is known about how stress processes compare in athletic and occupational contexts. This paper reviews research on stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts to characterize and compare samples, methods, and conclusions from the perspective of an integrated model of stress-related injury vulnerability. A comprehensive search of four major databases identified research in both athletic (n = 34) and occupational contexts (n = 22). Studies were coded to extract characteristics of the samples, research designs, measures, and conclusions about stress-injury relations. Studies used more prospective than cross-sectional or case control research designs. Injury was most frequently defined as missing one subsequent day of training or work (35.7%). Approximately 75% of the identified studies in each context indicated a positive association between stress and injury occurrence. The consistency of findings suggested a robust stress-related injury vulnerability for both exposures and responses, however, caution is warranted due to the diversity of measures and surveillance periods and the lack of experimental designs. New hypotheses are identified to refine models of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85026852353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85026852353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.08.001

DO - 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.08.001

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85026852353

VL - 33

SP - 37

EP - 44

JO - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

JF - Psychology of Sport and Exercise

SN - 1469-0292

ER -