T-DNA of a crown gall teratoma is covalently joined to host plant DNA

N. S. Yadav, Kathleen Postle, R. K. Saiki, M. F. Thomashow, M. D. Chilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains containing tumour-inducing (Ti) plasmids1-3 incite cancerous growths called crown galls when inoculated into wounded dicotyledonous plants. Tumour tissue can be cultured axenically in vitro, and exhibits a transformed phenotype in the absence of the inciting bacterium. Transformed cells grow autonomously, are auxin and cytokinin autotrophic in vitro4 and synthesize opines5-8, novel amino acid derivatives dictated by Ti plasmid genetic information9-11. A small segment of the Ti plasmid, termed T-DNA is maintained in axenic tumour cells12-19. Mitochondrial and chloroplast DNA from a crown gall teratoma are free from T-DNA, whereas nuclear DNA contains T-DNA in amounts similar to that in total tumour cell DNA20,21. T-DNA appears to be attached to what is presumably plant DNA in the crown gall tumour cell: Southern blot analysis22 of tumour DNA digested with restriction endonucleases reveals T-DNA fragments that are not fully homologous to Ti plasmid DNA14,17,21. We report here the isolation by molecular cloning of a 'border fragment' T-DNA and flanking plant DNA from the crown gall teratoma BT37 and show that T-DNA is covalently joined to a repeated DNA element of the tobacco nuclear genome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-461
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume287
Issue number5781
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1980

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crown galls
host plants
DNA
neoplasms
plasmids
nuclear genome
amino acid derivatives
restriction endonucleases
Magnoliopsida
Agrobacterium radiobacter
chloroplast DNA
Southern blotting
cytokinins
molecular cloning
auxins
mitochondrial DNA
tobacco

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Yadav, N. S., Postle, K., Saiki, R. K., Thomashow, M. F., & Chilton, M. D. (1980). T-DNA of a crown gall teratoma is covalently joined to host plant DNA. Nature, 287(5781), 458-461. https://doi.org/10.1038/287458a0
Yadav, N. S. ; Postle, Kathleen ; Saiki, R. K. ; Thomashow, M. F. ; Chilton, M. D. / T-DNA of a crown gall teratoma is covalently joined to host plant DNA. In: Nature. 1980 ; Vol. 287, No. 5781. pp. 458-461.
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Yadav, NS, Postle, K, Saiki, RK, Thomashow, MF & Chilton, MD 1980, 'T-DNA of a crown gall teratoma is covalently joined to host plant DNA', Nature, vol. 287, no. 5781, pp. 458-461. https://doi.org/10.1038/287458a0

T-DNA of a crown gall teratoma is covalently joined to host plant DNA. / Yadav, N. S.; Postle, Kathleen; Saiki, R. K.; Thomashow, M. F.; Chilton, M. D.

In: Nature, Vol. 287, No. 5781, 01.12.1980, p. 458-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Yadav NS, Postle K, Saiki RK, Thomashow MF, Chilton MD. T-DNA of a crown gall teratoma is covalently joined to host plant DNA. Nature. 1980 Dec 1;287(5781):458-461. https://doi.org/10.1038/287458a0